109 Winter Ecology. An introduction to winter-specific processes on the level of ecosystems, populations, and physiological adaptations of individual organisms. Includes hands-on field investigative projects for each of these three areas in snow-covered montane and high alpine environments. Topics include snow pack dynamics, vegetation-atmosphere-snowpack coupling, habitat use by non-hibernating animals via animal tracking, winter-specific plant adaptations, and aquatic ecosystem ecology under ice. Emphasis on how winter-specific processes constrain dynamics during the growing season. (Not offered 2018-19). .5 unit
110 Introduction to Environmental Chemistry. An introduction to principles of chemistry focusing on anthropogenic impacts from energy and agriculture to Earth's atmosphere and hydrosphere. Topics include: atomic structure, periodic properties; molecular structure; redox, acid-base, and solubility reactions; enthalpy of phase changes and combustion reactions; and stoichiometry. Includes laboratory focused on field sampling, statistics, and environmental analysis. Prerequisite: Prior High School Chemistry class is highly recommended. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
120 Topics in Environmental Science. Selected topics of current societal interest that relate to our environment offered when interest and opportunity arise. Counts as one unit of natural science credit, a few of which may meet the lab or field requirement. Only one such unit may be counted toward the natural science requirements. 1 unit - Cornelius, Kummel, Sponchiado.
121 Energy: Environmental. This course provides an overview of this interdisciplinary field at a level appropriate even for non-science majors, applying concepts, methods, and models from many disciplines to the major problems facing a sustainable management of the environment. The complex interactions of the “biosphere,” the human systems that make up the “sociosphere,” and the physical Earth systems that support them are considered. (Does not meet the field/lab credit.) (Not offered 2018-19.) 1 to 2 units.
126 Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems. Through field-based inquiry over the semester, students learn about biotic and abiotic factors controlling aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, and demonstrate their understanding by creating lessons and inquiry projects for their K-12 students. Includes portfolio sections demonstrating mastery of questioning, analysis, and data interpretation skills related to environmental processes and systems. Prerequisite: Education 120 - Environmental Education Practicum. 1 unit - Drossman.
127 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Explores the basics of computer-based information analysis and manipulation. Teaches students fundamentals of basic GIS tasks: mapmaking, spatial analysis, and database creation. Students learn to use software that links these three functions together. Computer-based exercises are used both in class to teach fundamentals, and in labs that assist students to learn and use basic GIS tools. (Not offered 2018-19). .5 unit.
128 Introduction to Global Climate Change. Introduction to the contemporary Earth climate system that focuses on the roles of the atmosphere, oceans, cryosphere, and land surface, and an overview of how this system has changed in the past and is predicted to change in the future. Includes the use of mathematical models to describe complex systems and the role of policy, economics, and ethics in mitigating human impact. (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World requirement.) (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Quantitative Reasoning requirement.) 1 unit - Barnes, Burns, Fricke, Gratz.
135 Meteorology. Basic physics principles introduced and used to study dynamic processes in the atmosphere: atmospheric energy flow, solar radiation, green house effect, large-scale circulation of the atmosphere, small scale processes including clouds and storms, weather forecasting, humanity’s impact on weather and climate. Laboratory and field experiments and trips will be utilized. (Not offered 2017-18) 1 unit.
145 Environment and Society. Introduction to humanistic and social science perspectives on global environmental change, engaging with a wide variety of explanatory frameworks and disciplinary lenses. Students will examine the socioeconomic, political, cultural, historical, and philosophical drivers of current environmental conditions. Includes perspectives emphasizing potential responses to climate change and other environmental challenges. 1 unit - Cornelius, Kohout, McKendry, Perramond
155 Introductory Earth Systems Science. An overview of the Earth’s surface systems including lithosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. Course will also examine fluxes among these systems such as soil-forming processes, hydrologic processes, and biogeochemical cycles. (Meets the laboratory/field requirement for natural sciences.) (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World lab or field requirement.) (Not offered 2018-19.)1 unit
209 Ecology and the Environment. The analysis of distributions, abundances, and interrelationships of organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems with an emphasis on environmental applications. (No credit if taken after BY 208.) Prerequisite: Environmental Program 128 and Mathematics 126. (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World lab or field requirement.) 1 Unit - Kummel, Snyder.
210 Environmental Chemistry. An introduction to chemical pollutants in the “compartments” of air, water, and soil, and calculation and measurement of their levels using the principles of general chemistry. Chemical perspectives on problems such as toxicology, global warming, the ozone hole, food shortages, and waste disposal are also discussed. Includes a significant laboratory component involving the statistical and instrumental analysis of samples collected in the field. Prerequisite: Chemistry & Biochemistry 108 or 250 and Biology 208 or Geology 130 or 140. (Not offered 2018-19.) 1 unit.
211 Human Impacts on Biogeochemical Cycles. An introduction to the chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes and reactions that govern the composition of the natural environment and the cycles of matter and energy that transport the Earth’s chemical components in time and space. Course includes a significant emphasis on mathematical modeling of radiative transfer, the global hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles, and the implications of human effects on these processes to (No credit for this course for students who have completed Chemistry 108). Prerequisite: Environment Program 128 and Mathematics 126. (May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World or Scientific Investigation of the Natural World lab or field requirement.) 1 unit -- Barnes
212 Energy: Environmental Thermodynamics and Energetics. Study of the generation and use of energy in an industrial society, environmental problems created by our energy use, and the physical and chemical principles underlying these issues. Scientific principles include: energy and the laws of thermodynamics, and the chemical equilibrium and kinetics needed to understand chemical systems as means of energy storage. Prerequisite: Environmental Science 211 or the following: (Chemistry & Biochemistry107 or Environmental Studies Program 110) and Mathematics 126/125 and EV128. (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World requirement.) 1 unit — Gratz
220 Intermediate Topics in Environmental Natural Science. Selected environmental science topics that require an introductory science background. Offered when interest and opportunity arise. Depending on the course structure, some courses may meet the lab or field requirement. May require at least one 100 level Environmental Science course as prerequisite. 1 unit - Kummel
221 Environmental Inquiry. This class focuses on developing a holistic understanding of transdisciplinary environmental issues through study of an integral meta-theoretical framework. Students learn to design and propose potential thesis projects by evaluating transdisciplinary environmental issues through phenomenological, empirical, and systems-based inquiry, and assess the relative merits of post-positivist, constructivist, and critical perspectives. Prerequisite: ED225/EV265: Foundations of Environmental Education. 1 unit - Drossman.
228 Analysis of Environmental Data. . Prerequisite: Mathematics 126 or 125 or 127 or High School equivalent (Calculus I). (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World requirement.) (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit
255 Nature and Society. The course examines the interaction between Europeans and the natural world from the Renaissance to the present. It looks at how nature shaped the ways Europeans lived and worked and how, in turn, they thought about and behaved toward nature. In particular, it explores the impact of the Scientific Revolution, industrialization, and mass culture on the changing interplay between nature, society, and culture. 1 unit - Ashley.
260 Topics in Environmental Social Sciences. Selected topics of current societal interest that are not offered as part of the regular course listings. 1 unit - Cornelius, Harris, McKendry, Reed, Siddoway.
261 Topics in Environmental Humanities. Selected environmentally-related topics courses taught from the perspectives of the humanities. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit
265 Foundations of Environmental and Sustainability Education. Environmental and sustainability education focuses on the ecological, economic and social aspects of our interdependence with the natural world. Class discussion and literature analysis address the characteristics and goals of environmental and sustainability education, the evolution of the field of environmental and sustainability education, and fundamental aspects of cognitive and developmental theories as they relate to education. Students begin a course project portfolio that, when completed, meets expectations for environmental education certification from the Colorado Alliance for Environmental Education. Prerequisite: consent of Instructor. 1 unit - Drossman.
271 Environmental Law and Policy. This course considers the major legal regimes in the United States that govern polution, public lands, water, endangered species, toxic substances, and other environmental issues. It examines the role of policy and law in protecting the environment and the relationship between environmental policy, law, and science. Prerequisite: . 1 unit - Harris.
272 Cities, Sustainability and Environmental Justice. Examines the relationship between cities and nature, with a particular emphasis on current efforts by cities around the world to become more environmentally sustainable. Explores the meanings of sustainability in the context of urban areas, and how these meanings differ among cities in the Global North and the Global South. Considers the major political challenges that cities face in their efforts to reduce their environmental impact and questions of environmental justice. (Not offered 2018-19) 1 unit
273 American Environmental History. A survey of American history from the perspective of the environment, beginning with the biological and cultural invasion of the New World in 1492 and ending with current environmental problems and their historical roots. Topics include Native American vs. Euro-American views of nature, the impact of changing economic systems on the environment, and the impact of the landscape on various American cultures. Counts as one unit of social science credit. 1 unit. Kohout
274 Environmental Politics and Policy. Considers environmental politics and policy in the United States from the early twentieth century through the present. Examines environmental policies at the federal level, their effectiveness and limitations in protecting the environment, and the major policy debates that have surrounded them. Investigates the role of other key actors in shaping environmental governance, including environmental organizations, industry, and state and local governments. Prerequisite: Environmental Program 141 or Political Science 200 recommended. EV Policy majors and EV Integrated Science majors can count this course or Environmental Program 271 toward the major, but not both. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
275 Community Forestry. Focuses on the role of forest ecosystems in social, political, and economic systems and how definitions and management of forests are contested. Students will gain and apply skills and tools from multiple social science disciplines to understand the short and long-term ramifications of forest management policies. Includes service-learning field trips. 1 unit - Lee.
276 Environmental Sociology. This course examines the political and institutional conditions that produce and organize environmental degradation and disruption, give shape to patterns of environmental inequality, and foment conflict. It concludes by examining the conditions and strategic actions that improve the chances for positive environmental outcomes and ecological sustainability. (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirements.) 1 unit - Roberts
277 Ecofeminism. The interconnections between feminism and ecology. Ecofeminism explores the links between systems of domination such as sexism, racism, economic exploitation and the ecological crisis. We will assess criticism of ecofeminism and evaluate the potential of this philosophy for political practice. (May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.) 1 unit - Noblett
281 Environmental Ethics. Study of values underlying human relations to the natural environment. Conflicts between values. Preservation, conservation, and exploitation of natural resources. Problems in developing and applying a consistent land ethic. Some social, political, economic, and ecological aspects of current environmental crises. Counts as one unit of humanities credit. 1 unit — Hourdequin.
285 Introduction to Literature and Environment. An introduction to environmental literature, through genres such as nature writing, memoir, climate fiction (cli-fi) and topics such as wilderness, apocalypticism, climate change, and environmental justice. 1 unit - Goldberg.
293 Independent Research in Environmental Science.
301 Political Ecology of the Southwest. Focuses on political ecology in a seminar setting for understanding political economy and ecological concerns. Highlights the struggles and genius of Southwest cultures under changing conditions. May have a multi-day-off-campus field trip. Prerequisite: Any 100 or 200-level Southwest Studies course or Environmental Program 145 or Environmental Program 141. (May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.) 1 unit - Perramond.
307 Stream Ecology. An introduction to physical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and dynamics of freshwater biota in inland waters. Taking a process-oriented and comparative approach, the course focuses on how the function of river systems impacted due to effects from human interactions with aquatic ecosystems. Field and laboratory exercises integrate material across disciplines. Prerequisite: Chemistry & Biochemistry 107 or Environmental Program 110, Mathematics 126, Environmental Program 209 or Organismal Biology and Ecology 208. Recommended Geology 140 and/or Environmental Program 351 (Hydrology). (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit
309 Population Dynamics of Wild, Harvested, and Endangered Species. Why do some fisheries collapse? Will the African elephants go extinct? This course examines environmental questions in population ecology using differential and difference equation modeling. Course topics include the analysis of equilibria and stability, bifurcation, sensitivity, and parameterization using maximum likelihood. Prerequisite: Mathematics 126 and Environmental Program 209 or Organismal Biology and Ecology 208. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit
310 Fate and Transport of Chemicals in the Environment. This course builds upon the skills developed in environmental chemistry or physical chemistry, making use of kinetic and thermodynamic models to examine how chemical pollutants are transported in the environment. Either significant computer simulations or laboratory investigations based on recent journal articles from areas such as the kinetics of metal adsorption on model soils, equilibrium concentrations of pesticide residues in biota based on octanol-water partitioning, and transport modeling of air particulates from an urban environment are included. (Available on a tutorial basis with instructor’s consent.) Prerequisite: Chemistry & Biochemistry 342 or 366; or 210 and consent of instructor. (Not offered 2018-19.) 1 unit.
315 Atmosphere-Biosphere Interactions. The course examines transport and transformation of energy and matter through ecosystems, and how humans impact these. It focuses on solar energy, carbon, and water through the lens of atmosphere-biosphere interactions. The course develops all concepts through hands on data acquisition, analysis, and interpretation. Key concepts include fluxes, gradients, and budgets. Prerequisite: Environmental Program 209, Environmental Program 212, Mathematics 126, or consent of the instructor. (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World lab or field requirement.) 1 unit - Kummel
320 Advanced Topics in Environmental Science. Selected environmental science topics that require a more advanced science background than those offered through EV 120. Offered when interest and opportunity arise. Counts as one unit of natural science credit, a few of which may meet the lab or field requirement. Usually at least one sophomore level science course is expected. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
321 Environmental Management. Environmental management efforts are scientifically, ecologically, and politically contentious, yet necessary given the heightened awareness of our reliance on the environment. Students will learn about principles underlying management decisions, explore how these principles are applied in practice, and identify potential solutions to the multiple challenges environmental managers face. Case studies will allow students to analyze and apply the precautionary principle, environmental assessment, environmental management systems, and planning as strategies of environmental management. Prerequisite: Environmental Program 128 and Environmental Program 141. 1 unit - Harris, Lee
331 Introduction to Ecology and Conservation in Tanzania.
333 Atmospheric Dynamics. Course focuses on the dynamic processes in the atmosphere that transfer both matter and energy, and that govern the vertical structure and weather patterns. Topics include the physical properties of the atmosphere, radiation transfer, stability, large-scale circulation, clouds and storm development, weather forecasting, and humanity's impact on weather and climate. Prerequisite: 1) Environmental Program 212 or 2) Chemistry & Biochemistry 108 and Physics 241 or 3) PC251. 1 unit - Gratz, Taber
334 The U.S. Environmental Movement. This course examines the politics of environmentalism and environmental activism in the United States. It focuses on the development and transformation of environmentalism as a social movement from its roots in the preservationists of the late 19th century, through the emergence of the modern environmental movement in the mid-twentieth century, up to through the challenges environmentalism has faced from across the political spectrum in the past thirty years. It also examines the principal debates that have divided the environmental movement itself, including the debate between conservationism and preservationism, the relationship between wilderness protection and environmental justice, and debates about the efficacy of the movement's traditional focus on state regulation. Finally, the course investigates the successes and failures of the environmental movement and the challenges and opportunities that mark environmental politics today. Prerequisite: Political Science 200 or Environmental Program 271 recommended. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
335 Environmental Economics. Introduction to atmospheric circulation, radiation transfer and the resulting climates of the world: thermodynamics and radiation balance as they determine the vertical structure of the atmosphere and regulate the surface temperature, role of water vapor and trace gasses in the global greenhouse effect, dynamics of the troposphere, evidence for climate change. Prerequisite: Economics 150 (or Economics 151 & 152). (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
341 Ecological Economics. Ecological economists adopt a transdisciplinary framework that draws from a diverse web of knowledge across the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Students will critique neoclassical economic thought and use a system approach to analyze the interactions among social, economic, and environmental issues. May include overnight field trips. Prerequisite: Economics 201 or Economics 101 and Economics 102. 1 unit - Lee.
342 Sustainable Development. Focuses on theoretical debates and attempts to reconcile economic growth, social equity, and environmental protection in the global South. Students will investigate the key actors and institutions that have worked to promote sustainable development and apply concepts to issues ranging from agricultural and forest conservation to cities and climate change. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
348 Economics of the Environment.
351 Hydrology. An introduction to hydrology in the context watersheds, focusing on the major components of the hydrologic cycle; precipitation, canopy interception, infiltration, soil water storage, runoff, streamflow, and groundwater flow. Management of Water resources and the response of water quantity and quality to anthropogenic activity will also be discussed. Prerequisite: (Chemistry & Biochemistry 107 or Environmental Program 110 or Environmental Program 211) and Mathematics 126, Geology 140, EV212. 1 unit - Barnes.
360 Advanced Topics in Environmental Social Science. Selected environmental social science topics that require an intermediate background. Offered when interest and opportunity arise. May require at least one 200 level Environmental Science course as prerequisite. 1 unit. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
361 Advanced Topics in Environmental Humanities. Selected advanced topics in the environmental humanities that are not offered as part of the regular course listings. 1 unit - Goldberg, Hourdequin.
365 Environmental and Sustainability Education. This advanced course in curriculum, instruction, and assessment builds on foundational knowledge in environmental and sustainability education by focusing on the development and assessment of curriculum that builds environmental literacy through transdisciplinary environmental inquiry. Class discussion, lesson planning, and reflective teaching focus on developing a comprehensive framework that facilitates a broad approach for inquiring about environmental issues and detecting narrowness and bias in the arguments made by others concerning environmental challenges, issues, and problems. Teaching methods specific to environmental and outdoor education are emphasized through a practicum that spans the course. Students complete a course project portfolio that meets expectations for environmental education certification from the Colorado Alliance for Environmental Education. Prerequisite: Education 120 and Education 225. 1 unit - Drossman.
373 Public Policymaking. Forces shaping public policies and decisions; internal politics of the national bureaucracy, the Presidency and Congress. Applies theories of policymaking to such cases as the environment, race and military affairs. (Counts as one unit of Social Science credit, but not as a natural science credit.) Prerequisite: Political Science 200 or consent of instructor. 1 unit — Coggins.
374 Environmental Law and Policy for the Global Commons. Examines the application of international policy and law in the protection of the global commons — climate, biological diversity, the marine environment and the atmosphere. Considers the major issues — pollution control, natural resource management, and trade — and focuses on the international infrastructure and treaties that have been negotiated to regulate the environment — the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS), the Rio Declaration, the Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit
385 Environmental Education. This course centers on curriculum, instruction, and assessment in environmental education. Class discussion and lesson planning develop a comprehensive framework that facilitates a broad approach to environmental issues. Teaching methods specific to environmental and outdoor education are emphasized through a practicum that spans the course. Prerequisite: Education 120 and Education 225. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
391 Junior Research Seminar. A seminar required for third-year Environment & Society majors planning to write a senior thesis. The course takes students through steps of the research process including establishing a research question, writing a research proposal, examining primary/secondary sources, research approaches and theory, and methodological questions within interdisciplinary examinations of environmental issues. Prerequisite: Open to third year Environment & Society majors or consent of instructor. (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
393 Independent Research in Environmental Science
421 Environmental Synthesis. This required capstone course for both Environmental Science and Environment & Society majors. The course provides a platform for interdisciplinary integration of multiple perspectives by examining a single local/regional environmental issue through multiple lenses. Students engage in original research that has the potential to influence on-the-ground decision-making. Prerequisite: Senior standing in EV Science or Environment & Society majors, or consent of instructor. 1 unit - McKendry, Kummel.
431 Atmospheric Chemistry. Course focuses on the chemical composition of Earth's atmosphere, including the governing chemical mechanisms and their associated kinetics. The generation, transport, and transformation of criteria pollutants in the troposphere and stratosphere will be explored. Course has significant field and laboratory components as well as a student-designed research project. Prerequisite: Environmental Program 333. (Meets the Critical Perspectives: Scientific Investigation of the Natural World requirement.) (Not offered 2018-19). 1 unit.
490 Senior Seminar Pass/Fail Only. An adjunct course spread out over the academic year in which guest lecturers and juniors and seniors orally present their independent research (either literature or laboratory) to the program students and faculty in an open forum for discussion. Required for an environmental science major. (Must be taken on a P/NC basis.) Prerequisite: Required for majors. (Not offered 2018-19).
491 Environmental Science Practicum. Students are placed in organizations working on environmental issues where they work about five hours per week. Students meet in seminar twice a block. In the seminars and written work for the course, students explore the connection between environmental theory and environmental practice, the connections between academic environmental studies and work on behalf of the environment in the community. (Semester-long, extended-format course; to count for major course must be taken for an entire semester for credit with semester-long meetings). (Must be taken on a P/NC basis.) Prerequisite: Environmental Program 322 or consent of instructor. (Not offered 2018-19). .25 to .5 units.
493 Independent Research in Environmental Science.
499 Senior Thesis. A thesis topic to be chosen by a student with advice from a member (or members) of the Environmental Science Program. Upon presentation of thesis proposal by the student, program faculty will authorize or deny registration in 499. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and an appropriate research experience. 1 unit — Barnes, Kummel, McKendry, Perramond.
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