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Course List

Highlighted courses are offered the current academic year.

Regular teaching faculty listed where applicable. 

CL101: Greek for Beginners

Introduction to the structure and vocabulary of classical Greek, with attention to those features that form the classical basis of Biblical koine and for the classical side of Greek diglossia from Hellenistic times through the 20th century. Short texts from Homer to Kazantzakis and Cavafy provide practice in literary, philosophical and rhetorical reading and initiation in major areas of Western thought. Attention to the history of the language and its relation to ancient, medieval and modern culture. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Buxton


CL111: Latin for Beginners

Introduction to the structure of classical Latin; reading of short texts from Plautus to Milton and Newton to provide practice in literary and rhetorical reading and initiation in major areas of western thought. Attention to the history of the language and its relation to ancient, medieval and modern culture. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Thakur


CL114: Goddesses, Heroes, Sages and Statesmen: An Introduction to Greece and Rome

An introduction to ancient Greek and Roman cultures through readings of original sources and some study of the original languages. How human beings conceived the order of nature and culture and the sacred and secular in these periods constitutes the common inheritance of Western culture and predisposes views of self and individual in contemporary Western thought. Emphasis on how these cultures understood the destructive and creative powers of chaos and what forms of order they thought best for human beings. Block 1 will include selections from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Hesiod's Theogony, the Presocratics, the ancient Greek dramatists Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes, the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, Aristotle's Poetics and Plato's Symposium and Phaedrus. Block 2 will include selections from the statesmen Cicero and Caesar, the historian Sallust and Livy, and lyric and epic poetry of Lucretius, Catullus, Vergil, Horace and Ovid. (Last offered in 2007-08)

Prerequisite: First Year Experience Course, Freshmen Only.

2 units -- Dept. 


CL115: Introduction to Classical Literature and Archaeology

Introduction to Ancient Greek and Roman cultures through reading of original sources and an examination of material culture. Part One: literature from various genres (such as epic, dramatic, lyric and philosophical); modern ways of receiving and interpreting them. Part Two: art, architecture and topography of ancient Greece and Rome. This course will consider the long-standing influence these civilizations played in the development of later Western cultures, and will examine modern outcomes and parallels to the historical forms and movements, such as Athenian democracy as a precedent for American democracy, colonization in antiquity and European colonialism in the c. 16-19, and the Roman Empire as a precedent for the expansive American State of late c. 19 to the present. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

Prerequisite: First Year Experience Course, Freshmen Only.

2 unit — Dept. 


CL116: Greek History and Philosophy: Self and Soul from Antiquity to Modernity

Aegean and Greek archaeological, historical, literary and philosophical texts, with emphasis on ideas formative of Western culture. The development and transformations of these ideas as reflected in selected texts from the early Christian era, the Enlightenment, and the Modern Age. We concentrate on concepts of what it means to be human, and the relation of individuals to community, nature, and the divine in such authors as Homer, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Dante, Descartes, Goethe, Nietzsche, and Heidegger (Also listed as History 116 and Philosophy 116.)

2 units — Dobson, Riker (Philosophy)


CL 118: Myth, Gender and Metamorphosis in the Ancient Mediterranean

An exploration of Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern myths in the ancient Mediterranean, emphasizing transformations of myths and themes thematically across cultures, with attention to the (imagined) other in gender and society. Readings include selections from the Babylonian Enuma Elish, The Epic of Gilgamesh, The Hymns to Inanna, Hesiod’s Theogony, the Homeric Hymns, the Greek dramatists and Aristophanes, Sappho, Sulpicia, Ovid’s Metamorphoses, among others, and include art and archaeological evidence. (scheduled to fulfill West in Time and Social Inequality requirements)

Prerequisite: First Year Experience Course, Freshmen Only.

2 units-- Dobson, Thakur


CL121: Intensive Latin Grammar Review and Reading Practice

Intensive Latin Grammar Review and Reading Practice. This course will use a morphological and syntactic approach to review and practice the essential structures and concepts of Latin grammar. It is intended to prepare students for courses at the 200 level.

Prerequisite: Classics 111, placement above Classics 111 on department placement test or consent of department. (Last offered 2015-16).

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL125: The Ancient Mediterranean

Survey of the civilizations that flourished in and around Mesopotamia, Egypt, Syria-Palestine, Greece and Italy from the time of the first cities (3000 BC) to the rise of Islam (seventh century AD). Beyond providing a historical overview, the course explores the surprising ways in which the various peoples of this area influenced one another culturally. We will also learn about the different types of evidence, both literary and archaeological, on which knowledge of the ancient world is based. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Dept. 


CL200: Latin Language

Latin Language course taken on Mediterranean Semester Program.  (Last offered 2015-16)

.75 to 1 unit -- Dept. 


CL201: Reading in Greek

Introduction to Greek literature, including Homer and dramatic, philosophical or historical writing.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or consent of instructor.

.5 or 1 unit — Dept. 


CL202: Reading in Greek

Introduction to Greek literature, including Homer and dramatic, philosophical or historical writing.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or consent of instructor.

.5 or 1 unit — Dept. 


CL209: Late Antiquity

Continuity and change from Roman antiquity to the Christian Middle Ages in the art and architecture of Mediterranean lands (200-600 A. D.). The 'decline' of Rome and the development of Christian imagery will be studied through art, archaeological sites, and texts-writings from the time as well as later historians.

Prerequisite: Art History 111, 112 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Kolarik (Art)


CL210: Greek Philosophy

Major writers and schools from the thousand year history of Greek philosophical research in the areas of nature, the gods, the mind, and ways of life: Ionian and Italian Pre-Socratics, Plato and the Academy, Aristotle, Pyrrho, the Cynics, the Stoa, Epicurus and Lucretius, and the revival in Late Antiquity of Pyrronian Scepticism and Platonism. Emphasis on close reading of the texts (including certain Greek terms) and on critical and comparative writing.

1 unit — Philosophy


CL211: Reading in Latin:

Various ancient and medieval Latin works. Prerequisite: Classics 111, placement above CL111 on department placement test or consent of department. Taught together with Classics 311 and Classics 411, with adjustments for student preparation.

.5 or 1 unit — Dept.


CL212: Reading in Latin:

Various ancient and medieval Latin works. Prerequisite: Classics 112, placement above CL112 on department placement test or consent of department. Taught together with Classics 312 and Classics 412, with adjustments for student preparation.

.5 or 1 unit — Dept. 


CL216: Roman History I: The Ancient Roman Republic

Focus on the development of Rome, from a small city ruled by kings, to a regional power ruled under a Republic. The course will trace Rome's expansion through Italy, its conflict with Carthage and will closely examine the end of the Republic. Individuals discussed will include the Gracchi, generals Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, and Rome's greatest politician (and author) Cicero. (Also listed as History 216.) (Last offered 2015-16)

1 unit-- Dept. 


CL218: Homer

The Iliad and Odyssey as oral traditional poems, preservers of Bronze Age and archaic lore, locus of the creation of classical Greek culture and predecessors of European epic; together with Hesiodic epic and Homeric hymns. Reading in English with attention to the formal Greek diction and the problems of translation, except that students who know Greek will read parts of the original text.

1 unit —  Cramer


CL219: Greek Drama: Origins and Early Forms of Theater

A study of origins, early texts, performance practices and developing theatrical conventions in various cultures, with special emphasis on ancient Greek and Roman theatre.

1 unit — Dept. 


CL220: Myth & Meaning

Religion and myth of ancient Greece and Rome in relation to that of the ancient Mediterranean (Akkadian, Hittite, Sumerian, Egyptian). Female presence in art, literature and religion compared to treatment of women in their respective cultures. Theoretical approaches to the understanding of myth (Comparative, Jungian, Structuralist) in relation to myths as they are encoded in their specific cultures. Students may trace a myth through Medieval, Renaissance and modern transformations in art, music, poetry and film, or study myth in other cultures (e.g. Norse and Celtic). May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Dept.


CL221: The Invention of History

Herodotus, sometimes called the 'father of lies,' and Thucydides, sometimes called the first political scientist, treated as the first historians. Study of the ways of conceiving history and its relation to the peoples and periods explored. No Greek or Latin required.

1 unit — Cramer, Buxton


CL222: Topics:

Courses vary from year to year, to include offerings in classical and comparative religion and mythology, history, language and literature, anthropology, archaeology and women's studies supplementary to those offered in the catalog. No Greek or Latin required.

The Ancient Economy

A survey of economic life in ancient Greece and Rome, which involved both primitive subsistence agriculture and a complex international marketplace of luxury goods—often tightly regulated by predatory states. Topics will include the essential but diverse role of slavery, why debt crises plagued rich and poor alike, the degree to which banking facilitated international trade, and how governments manipulated the silver content of coinage to cover budget shortfalls or finance armies. We will also consider the reasons behind the invention and spread of coinage as a medium of exchange. Proposed for the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. Also listed as History 209 and Economics 110. (Last offered 2015-16)

1 unit – Buxton


The Art of Living: Greek Poetry and Philosophy

Taught in Greece. Also listed as Comparative Literature 200, Philosophy 141 and English 280.

1 unit— Mason (English), Lee (Philosophy)


 The Bible: Myth and History

This course examines the history and literature of ancient Judaism and Christianity, with a focus on the ways in which Jewish and Christian scriptures reflect the religious, cultural, social, and political facets of their ancient Near Eastern, Hellenistic, and Roman contexts. In doing so, we will survey the Bible’s broad range of ancient literary genres, including myth, historical narrative, law, prophecy, poetry, biography, and apocalypse. At times, we will consider how biblical traditions reflect and/or alter historical events. We will also consider how certain Jewish and Christian texts evolve into authoritative collections and examine some of the ancient scriptures that remain outside the biblical canons. In addition, we will explore the relationship between the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament, with special attention to resonances of Jewish prophetic and apocalyptic traditions in the latter. We will also develop an awareness of how biblical traditions continue to impact our contemporary culture in significant ways. Also listed as Religion 200 (Last offered 2012-13)

1 unit— Reaves (Religion)


Freedom and Empire: The Drama of Ancient Politics                                     

Examines ancient politics, from the struggle for freedom to the temptations of empire, insofar as it is vividly portrayed in Shakespeare and the classical literature of Greece and Rome: the greatness, challenges and defects of the ancient republic; the nature of political and military ambition; and the causes and character of empire. Focus/possible works: Shakespeare's Roman plays; the Socratic Xenophon's novel on the rise and rule of Cyrus the Great; Tacitus on Roman emperors. The course may also draw upon Machiavelli on Rome. Also listed as Political Science 234 and Comparative Literature 220. (Last offered 2014-15)

1 unit – Grace (Political Science)


Greco/Roman Religions

What does it mean to be “religious” in the ancient Mediterranean? How did Greeks and Romans understand and express their relationship with the divine realm? To address these questions and others, this course explores various religious aspects of the Greco-Roman world, including Homeric traditions, mystery religions, and the Roman imperial cult. We will closely examine relevant ancient literature, including mythology, poetry, philosophy, and historiography, as well as inscriptional and archaeological evidence. In doing so, we will be attentive to diverse beliefs and practices, including sacrifices and other rituals, and explore how religion intersected with political, social, and economic facets of ancient life. Finally, we will consider the parameters of Greek and Roman religions, geographically and ideologically, particularly in relation to ancient notions of magic and superstition. Also listed as Religion 200

1 unit— Reaves (Religion) 


The History of Social and Political Philosophy: Classical Visions     

Explores major works of classical idealist philosophy, considered in contexts of Greek, Roman, Biblical, and medieval political orders. Addresses the tensions between philosophical visions of the good and democratic or republican politics. Texts discussed may include works by Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Augustine, or Pizan, as well as Biblical sources. Also listed as PH244.

1 unit — McEnnerney  (Philosophy)


Introduction to Field Archaeology

Students spend the block excavating at an ancient site (in 2013, the Roman site of Sanisera on the island of Menorca, Spain). Receiving intensive introduction on basic aspects of field excavation techniques, students will apply their new skills by participating in an active excavation. Additionally, the course includes lectures on Roman archaeology, immersion into the ancient history through organized excursions, and laboratory time in which students will learn how to process, classify, and study excavated material. (fulfills Scientific Investigations and Laboratory requirement) Also listed as AN 209

1.5 units-- Thakur


Making and Faking Scripture

The Bible, as many know it today, is the product of complex stages of production, circulation, translation, and debate. This course explores how ancient Jewish and Christian writings came to be understood and valued as sacred scriptures. Our study of the “making” of scriptures encompasses the physical production and transmission of ancient texts (including authorship, sources, material aspects, scribal activity, and circulation) as well as assertions of scriptural authority and related processes of canonization. Our focus on “faking” considers alleged forgeries, both ancient and modern, as well as intentional alterations to scriptural texts. Also listed as RE200. (Last offered 2015-16)

1 unit— Reaves (Religion)


 Mythology and Philosophy in Ancient Greece

Also listed as PH203. (Last offered 2015-16)

1 unit— Dobson, Daly (Philosophy)


Mediterranean Trivium: Land, Sea and Culture

Taught in the Mediterranean. COI only. Also listed as HY200— (Last offered in 2015-16)

-- Thakur, Ashley (History)


CL223: Art of Greece & Rome

Surveys the art and architecture of Greece and Rome from their origins in Bronze Age Greece to their transformation in the late Roman Empire using methods of art history and archaeology. Ancient Greek cities and sanctuaries with emphasis on Athens and the monuments of the Acropolis. The spread of Hellenism and the formation of an imperial visual language under Alexander the Great and his successors. The influence of Etruscan and Greek art in the Roman Republic. Imperial monuments of the city of Rome and throughout the empire as instruments of power. The class will consider political and social factors in the formation and utilization of Classical forms in both ancient and modern times. Also listed as AH 207. (Last offered 2013-14)

1 unit— Kolarik (Art)


CL226: Roman History II: The Rise of the Ancient Roman Empire

Following a brief survey of prior Roman history, the course will examine the development of the Roman state in the late first century under the emperor Augustus. The course will proceed to consider the Empire's evolution and management under subsequent Julio-Claudian, Flavian, and Antonine dynasties. The city, its monuments, its art, its literature, bureaucracy and territorial expansion, the role of women, various social and minority groups, and the growth of Christianity will all be discussed. Also listed as History 227.

1 unit — Dept.


CL250: Athenian Democracy

Development of democratic institutions from Solon to Pericles, their operations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE, the experiences of citizenship, legal equality, freedom, and love of country. Slavery, sexual inequality and imperialism as notable, perhaps essential features of the system. Reading from contemporary historians (Herodotus, Thucydides), theorists (Plato, Aristotle, the 'Old Oligarch'), dramatists (Aeschylus, Aristophanes), political orators (Lysias and Demosthenes) and later commentary from Plutarch to the present. Also listed as HY213. (Last offered 2014-15)

1 unit— Dept. 


CL255: The Life of the Soul

Since the beginning of time, humans have been searching into the nature of the soul, its life and its meanings. Starting from the Greeks, this course seeks to discover how the concept of “soul” is understood, and how its life is conceived. We will explore the roots of these questions in ancient Greek epic, drama and philosophy, how these answers transform in medieval and renaissance literature, and how modernity offers strikingly new answers to them. Also listed as PH203, CO220 and RE200. (Last offered in 2014-15)

1 unit— Dobson


CL260: Gender and Sexuality in the Ancient World

An introductory survey of issues relating to gender and sexuality in Greece and Rome. The focus will be on the role of women in ancient society and their characterization in literature. Though our sources are dominated by male perspectives, the class will attempt a balanced and accurate picture of ancient society. The course will also place these literary depictions in the broader context of art, political and societal structure, religious belief and family relations. Authors examined will include Hesiod, Homer, Aristophanes, Virgil, the female poets Sappho and Sulpicia, Ovid, and many more. Also listed as FG206 and CO200. (Last offered in 2014-15)

1 unit— Dept. 


CL275: Ancient Sports and Entertainment

The course considers the role sport and entertainment played in ancient society. We begin by examining athletics in the Greek world, specifically the Olympics and other major games. We will discuss the different types of events and then consider the evolving role athletics played in Greek education and society. We will then transition to the Roman world, examining gladiatorial games, chariot racing, the theatre, and the Olympics in the Roman period. We will trace the development of the status of athletes from amateurs to the professionalization of sport, and pause to consider the place of musicians and actors in Greek and Roman society. Throughout the course students will become familiar with the architecture of related venues and investigate the role of spectators. Students will continually be challenged to relate ancient athletics to the sports of today. Sources will include Homer, Pindar, Virgil, Ovid, Martial and various inscriptions.

1 unit — Thakur


CL299: Independent Study

Supervised readings or investigations in areas of interest to the students that are not covered in regular Classics Department offerings. Readings and/or investigations to be followed up with discussions and written reports. Must be approved by the Chair on behalf of the Department, in addition to the supervising professor.

Prerequisite: consent of department.

1 unit — Dept. 


CL301: Advanced Reading in Greek

Further exploration of ancient, medieval or modern Greek literature, done as independent reading.

Prerequisite: Classics 202 or consent of instructor.

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL302: Advanced Reading in Greek

Further exploration of ancient, medieval or modern Greek literature, done as independent reading.

Prerequisite: Classics 202 or consent of instructor.

.5 unit — Dept.


CL311: Advanced Reading in Latin

Further exploration of ancient or medieval Latin literature.

Prerequisite: Classics 212 or consent of instructor.

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL312: Advanced Reading in Latin

Further exploration of ancient or medieval Latin literature.

Prerequisite: Classics 212.

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL322: Advanced Topics

Study for advanced students in the languages, arts, drama and literature.

.5 to 1.5 units-- Dept. 

Rome, Naples, Sicily: Crossroads of the Ancient Mediterranean.

The course begins in Rome with an investigation of the city, its monuments and art, focusing on antiquity, but we will also visit the Vatican, its museum, and other churches throughout the city. Furthermore, we visit more modern collections, such as those by Bernini in the Villa Borghese that have been influenced by Classical artisans and authors. We then head to the bay of Naples, visiting the archaeological museum and the cities of Pompeii and Herculanium, both destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D.  Students have the opportunity to climb to the caldera of the volcano. Following a trip down the Amalfi coast we will reach Sicily, an island which has changed hands frequently over the course of European history. We will visit Norman churches, Arab settlements, Carthaginian and Greek colonies, and Roman villas. Highlights include visits to Palermo, Segesta, Agrigento, Marsala, and Taormina. We conclude the course attending the Syracuse drama festival, held in the ancient theater. Also listed as AH200, CO220, HY200. 

summer course, Thakur and Buxton.


CL401: Directed Readings in Greek

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 301, 302.

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL402: Directed Readings in Greek

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 301, 302.

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL411: Directed Readings in Latin

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 311, 312 or consent of instructor.

.5 unit —  Dept. 


CL412: Directed Readings in Latin

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 311, 312.

.5 unit — Dept. 


CL431: Thesis

Thesis subjects chosen by student and approved by department. Senior Classics, Classics-History-Politics and Classics - English majors.

Prerequisite: Senior Majors Only.

1 unit — Dept.