Traces the development of secular vocal music from the renaissance to the 20th century with a special focus on Lieder and melodie. The International Phonetic Alphabet (I.P.A.)-a vital system which identifies each individual sound in speech-will serve as the foundation for learning the pronunciation of the four dominant languages in this repertoire--German, French, Italian and English. Students will gain the essential knowledge of vocal repertoire and pronunciation necessary for enhancing their appreciation of vocal art, their own performance practice, and their ongoing music and/or language studies. (Not offered 2019-20).