The Jews of Poland, Western Europe, and the Islamic world during the 17th century. The Impact of Enlightenment and Assimilation. Hassidism and reform. Anti-Semitism, Zionism, and the American experience. World War I and its consequences: the changing Middle Eastern framework, Communism, Nazism. Israel, and its neighbors, and the world. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2020-21).