An introduction to the cultures of the American Southwest, from the initial populations of the greater region through the wrenching contact of European conquistadores. With occupation beginning sometime before 12,000 years ago, we have evidence for social and ritual complexity in the archaeological record dating before 2000 B.C.E. Current archaeological research in the American Southwest is redefining our concept of the adoption of agriculture in North America, our view of historically defined culture areas (Hohokam, Salado, Mogollon, Sinagua, Anasazi) with the probability of complex multiethnic communities, and the Southwest's former position as a region defining American archaeological method and theory. Course begins with a historical review of Southwestern archaeology and moves on to the current methodological and theoretical issues. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).
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