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BY106 – Biology of Animals

Biology of Animals is an introductory course focused on animal life. We will explore patterns of structure, function, life histories, and physiology of major animal groups. Through this course, you will develop a greater appreciation for animals and their ecology, physiology and evolution.


Associate Professor Emilie Gray email

An introduction to the biology of invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Evolution and functional architecture of animal body plans, patterns of structure and function, survival strategies, principles of animal ecology and evolution, and phylogeny of animal groups examined through lab, discussion, and investigative activities.

Topics include:

  • What is life? Evolution and diversity
  • Ecology
  • Evolution
  • Animal Diversity and Classification
  • Principles of development
  • Animal architecture and structure
  • Respiration and Circulation
  • Osmo and Thermoregulation
  • Digestion and Metabolism
  • Nervous system

Prerequisite: (Strong high school chemistry highly recommended) No credit after Biology 108 or 109