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Classics-History-Politics

Applicable for the 2016-2017 academic year.

Classics-History-Politics Website

Advisors; Professors CRAMER, FULLER, NEEL

The classics–history–politics major offers students interested in the Western intellectual tradition the opportunity for multidisciplinary study supported by training in languages central to that tradition. It culminates in a senior thesis requiring students each to address a major problem in the history of ideas in its historical context. The CHP major is highly flexible, allowing students to fulfill its requirements through varied options within the respective departments. Individuals’ programs, however, must be carefully chosen in consultation with CHP staff so that courses within the constituent disciplines form an integrated whole fully supportive of their eventual senior projects. 

Major Requirements

All students opting for this major will complete an array of courses establishing their familiarity with the major political, social, and intellectual developments of the Mediterranean and Europe from antiquity to the contemporary world. Further, all will explore the Western tradition’s ways of interpreting its past by attention to both classical and subsequent models. Students’ historical and historiographical coursework will be distributed among the three constituent departments. Meanwhile, they will develop skills in at least one classical and one modern language to the point that they are able to use each in independent reading and research. Declared CHP majors in all undergraduate years will participate in an informal seminar meeting once a block, in which they establish intellectual community with their peers and advisers in discussion of significant texts outside their course material.

Finally, all CHP majors will complete substantial projects of research and criticism integrative of their experience throughout this program; their respective theses will be enriched by consideration of the primary sources in which they are based in the original languages, where possible.

Students may choose as primary advisers for their respective thesis projects any faculty members in a constituent department; other members of the college faculty may be invited to consult on or advise theses by student petition and approval of the CHP staff. One of the major’s core advisers, however, will always serve as first or second reader of thesis work, and advisory faculty will annually approve and, as appropriate, grant honors for all theses in classics–history–politics. 

REQUIREMENTS — Entry (2 units):

Students may enter the major by fulfillment of the college’s “West in Time” requirement by courses in classics, political science, history, or the cognate disciplines of art history, philosophy, or religion.

Ancient and modern language (to level of proficiency as individually determined by CHP faculty).

Normally, language proficiency will be understood to be the ability to read and respond to literary, historical, and philosophical works in either classical Greek or Latin (or, if appropriate to students’ interests, Hebrew or Arabic) and a modern European language.

History of ideas (6 units):

Students’ historical requirement will regularly be fulfilled by the completion of at least one unit in each of four periods (antiquity, Middle Ages and Renaissance, modernity, and the contemporary world), including at least two units of political science. Because suitable political science courses frequently address multiple historical periods, students will consult with their advisers about the appropriateness of particular syllabi to the respective period requirements, sometimes fulfilling two historical requirements with paired, parallel political theory courses. Although students may petition to substitute courses omitted below — for instance topics courses of special interest — for elements among the core CHP offerings, the following list will optimally support their development through the program:

I. Antiquity: History 213/Classics 250 Greek Foundations/Athenian Democracy, Classics/History 216 Roman History I, Classics 226/History 227 Roman History II, Classics 222/Political Science 234 Freedom and Empire: The Drama of Ancient Politics.

II. Middle Ages and Renaissance: History 274 Making Europe: Medieval Culture and the Framing of European Identity, History 275 Renaissance and Reformation: Crisis and Dissent, History 312 Crusade and Reform in Europe's Long 12th Century. 

III.  Modern Period: History 249 Women, Children and Men, History 255 Nature and Society, History 277 Europe in an Age of Absolutism, History 278 Europe in the Age of Revolution, History 287 Enlightenment Culture, History 288 Intellectual History of Modern Europe (2 blocks), Political Science 205 Foundations of Political Economy, Political Science 246 Politics in Literature, Political Science 292 American Political Thought, Political Science 270 Liberty and Equality, Political Science 371Political Thought from Kant to Nietzsche.

IV. Contemporary Period: History 289 The Age of Ideology, History 290 World War II and its Aftermath, Political Science 203/Studies in Film 205: Topics—Politics in Film, Political Science 242 Conservatism and Liberalism, Political Science 372 Political Thought Since Nietzsche.

The following courses are or may be also appropriate to the major, and may be used to fulfill requirements in one or more of the respective chronological categories, depending on a given year’s syllabus, by permission of the respective instructors and the CHP advisers: Classics 222 Topics, History 200 Topics and 209 Topics in Ancient History, History 410 Advanced Seminar, Political Science 298 What Is Political Philosophy?, Political Science 344 Realism and Idealism in Political Philosophy, Political Science 408 Tutorial in Political Theory, Political Science 419 Seminar in Political Philosophy.

Theory of History (2 units):

Students may fulfill the historiographical requirement by completing both Classics 221/History 302 (Invention of History) and any of the following history or political science courses treating the tradition of historical analysis: History 399 Studying History, or Political Science 303 The Uses of the Past, offered as an independent study or summer readings course by Professor Fuller or Neel.

Major Seminar:

The seminar meets regularly throughout the academic year. It may offer presentations by CHP faculty and students or their guests, as well as common readings and discussions. Although the seminar offers no credit, regular participation will be considered part of the major’s requirements.

Senior Thesis (2 units):

Declared majors must submit well-developed thesis proposals to the CHP advisory group by the end of the junior year. Their two-block thesis requirement must be completed by Block 7 of the senior year, and may be designated on their transcript by the appropriate course number in the adviser’s discipline: Classics 322 or 401, 402, 411, 412 and 431; History 430 and 431; or Political Science 402 and 450.

Courses

History

HY104 Culture, Society & History:

An introductory survey of human culture and society through the comparison of Europe and one other major area of the world from ancient to the modern period, focusing on fundamental topics in the development of world civilizations, including material culture, political organization, and aesthetics. The course will emphasize critical moments in historical development, thematic connections, and primary textual and visual sources.

2 units — Ashley

HY105 Civilization in the West

Western civilization from ancient to modern times. Cultural, social, and political developments that shaped the modern world. The department offers this course in sections designated Europe or Atlantic World. Atlantic World includes the study of the heritage of Western civilization in the Western hemisphere. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Smith

HY109 Civilization in East Asia

East Asian civilization from ancient to modern times. Cultural, social and political developments that shaped East Asian nations and their place in the modern world. Introduces basics of historical method: contextualization, analysis, and critical evaluation of primary sources and their significance. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY110 Encountering the Past

An introduction to history through the study of a special subject in depth. Emphasis on the ways in which historians find and interpret the materials of the past. For students who do not complete the West in Time requirement in the History Department, a gateway to the History major. Topics designated according to the specialties of the faculty.

1 unit — Kohout, Mehta, Monroy, Neel

HY115 Survey in Latin American

Latin American history from pre-Columbian times to the present. Emphasis on colonial Mexico and Peru, the centers of Spanish power in the New World, and the political and social development of post-independence Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico. Introduces historiography and the basics of historical method: contextualization, analysis and critical evaluation of primary sources and their significance. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

HY116 Greek History and Philosophy

Aegean and Greek archeological, historical, literary, and philosophical texts, with emphasis on those ideas formative in shaping Western culture. The development and transformations of these ideas as reflected in selected texts from the early Christian era, the Enlightenment or the Modern Age. The rise of individualism and its conflicts with community, ritual relationships to nature vs. separation and exploitation, the relation of theology to the ordering of experience, and how psyche both forms and is formed by its relationships to community, nature, and god(s). Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY120 The American Past

Two block course that introduces the full sweep of American History from its pre-contact, 'New World' beginnings to the recent past. Students will experience how history is made, understood, revised, and debated. Themes include cultural encounters and adaptation complexities of ethnicity and immigration; movement; the success and failures of republican ideology, capitalism, individualism and community; and the formation of American cultures. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

HY131 Civilization in the Middle East

Examines large-scale social structures and the question of 'ordinary' men and women from the seventh century C.E. to the present. Through a range of historical approaches-cultural, intellectual, political and social-and an emphasis on close reading of primary materials, students explore in what ways the histories of Islamic Civilization, Western Civilization, African Civilization, and Central Asian Civilization were connected histories and how people in the Middle East have critiqued their own societies and those of their contemporaries. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY150 Representations and Realities: Art and History in Europe: Ancient to Modern Art & Culture

This course examines art and cultural history in Europe from Antiquity through to the twentieth century. Taking an interdisciplinary perspective, one which seeks to bring art history and history in critical dialogue with one another, the students and professors will interrogate the meta-narrative of “progress” across time. In many ways, succeeding periods engaged in conversations with their pasts to make claims of domination through pictorial and cultural production. But it is important, too, to examine counter-narratives made by subaltern groups of the various eras, along the critical axes of gender, sexuality, class, ethnicity, race and other markers of identity. Students will be called upon to think systematically about “who” they themselves are in order to engage with the past and explore human similarities, as well as differences, across a long period of time. Thinking systematically about the notion of “critical bias” and the need to analyze the past in its own terms, as well as in ours, will open up avenues to thinking about the present in new ways. We will examine the most important eras of European history, in particular, Ancient Greece and Rome, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the early modern period, and the more recent past. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

HY200 Topics in History:

Selected topics in the study of history. Specific content and emphasis to be determined by the instructor.

.5 or 1 unit — Ashley, Chandrani, Golightly, Grace

HY205 US History to 1860

Broad approach to the history of American traditions and institutions from Anglo-American settlement to the outbreak of the Civil War, addressing Native American-Anglo American encounters; colonization and development of Anglo-American culture and society; African Slave Trade and the Plantation Economy; American Revolution; Jeffersonian Ideology and Westward Expansion; Jacksonian Democracy and the Industrial Revolution; the Politics of Slavery and Secession. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY206 US History since 1860

Broad approach to the history of the United States since the Civil War, focusing on multiple meanings of American freedom and the rise of the modern United States as a global power, including attention to Emancipation and Reconstruction; Industrialization, Migration, and Immigration; Civil Rights Movements and Protest Politics; the Great Depression, New Deal and WWII; American Foreign Policy and the Cold War; the Great Society, Vietnam, and the Challenge to the New Deal Order. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY209 Topics in Ancient History:

Detailed study of a period (such as the end of the Roman Republic or Periclean Athens) or a theme (such as slavery or the rise and fall of the middle class) in Greek and/or Roman history.

1 unit — Buxton, Cramer

HY210 History of Native America

Introduces students to the history of native peoples primarily in North America. The course includes histories of individual native groups as well as the relationship between American Indians and a variety of Europeans from before contact until the present. Examines a variety of primary and secondary materials to see patterns in the ways that Native Americans have been affected by the process of conquest, the ways in which Anglo-Europeans have responded to Native Americans, and in the ways in which American Indians have become a part of and remained apart from 'mainstream' American culture. As a broader goal, we also look at the way 'history' is made, understood, and used by very different cultural traditions. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY211 Crime & Punishment

This course explores the ways the state, church, and the people dealt with crime and viewed justice in Renaissance, early modern, and modern Europe. Attention to topics such as heresy, the witch craze, and treason and to what ordinary and great trials reveal about changing attitudes toward criminal justice. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY212 American Environmental History

A survey of American history from the perspective of the environment, beginning with the biological and cultural invasion of the New World in 1492 and ending with current environmental problems and their historical roots. Topics include Native American vs. Euro-American views of nature, the impact of changing economic systems on the environment, and the impact of the landscape on various American cultures.

1 unit — Kohout

HY213 Foundations of Classical Culture

Athenian Democracy. The Greeks with Near Eastern and Indo-European background. Panhellenic epic and religion, the polis, philosophy, history, tragedy and comedy. Attention throughout to Greek and Latin literary forms, but no knowledge of ancient languages required. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: Completion of CP:W required.

1 unit

HY216 History of the Roman Republic

Focus on the development of Rome, from a small city ruled by kings, to a regional power ruled under a Republic. The course will trace Rome's expansion through Italy, its conflict with Carthage and will closely examine the end of the Republic. Individuals discussed will include the Gracchi, generals Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, and Rome's greatest politician (and author) Cicero. (Also listed as Classics 216.)

1 unit — Wise

HY217 American Frontiers

The process of conquering the American continent from 1492 to the present. An examination of the variety of forms that Euro-American conquest took (exploration, religion, economic development, settlement, and military encounter), the impact of conquest on native peoples, the social and economic development of the frontiers, and the lives that people led and lead in places considered frontiers. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY218 Eastern Europe, Russia, and Eurasia

This two-block course will survey the history of the Eurasian region from Eastern Europe to the Central Asian and Pacific areas of Eurasia, with an important theme being the rise and fall of the Russian Empire, and the rise and fall of the Soviet bloc. The focus throughout will be on the ways in which religious, cultural, and ethnic identities were shaped by, accommodated to, and resisted the construction of national boundaries and identities. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY219 Modern Russia and the Soviet Union

The Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Soviet successor states in the 20th century. Topics including the collapse of the Empire during the First World War, the attempted ‘building of socialism’ in the Soviet period, the crisis of the Soviet system, and how Soviet conceptions of the relation between ethnicity and nationality shaped political and cultural identities before and after 1991. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 1.5 units

HY221 Africa & Europe to 1919

Traditional African states, Portugal and Africa, the slave trade, European conquest, occupation and administration. The African response to the European presence in terms of social change, the origins of a 'Europeanized' African elite and the beginnings of modern African politics. - Blasenheim,. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY222 The Emergence of Modern Africa, 1885 to the Present

Africa and the Berlin Conference, primary and secondary resistance to European colonialism, political independence, conflicts between traditional and modern cultural patterns and ideologies, one-party rule and economic dependence. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit

HY223 China in the Age of Confucius

Examines the origins of Chinese civilization, from the divination rituals of the theocratic Bronze Age Shang Dynasty to the mighty Han. Considers the great religious and philosophical traditions of China's axial age: Confucianism, Daoism, and others vying for influence in China's bloody 'Warring States' period. Students will understand the political, economic, cultural and spiritual patterns that gave shape to classical Chinese civilization. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY225 20th Century China

This course will follow the turbulent history and politics of China from the Boxer Rebellion of 1900 through the post-Mao reforms. Using primary documents, personal accounts, and scholarly studies, students will assess China's political and cultural changes and continuities in historical context. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Williams

HY226 20th Century Japan

This course will trace the social, political, and cultural developments in Japan from the first Parliamentary elections in 1890 to the current fiscal crisis in the 1990s. Using a wide range of sources, students will explore major themes in Japan's empire, World War, economic miracle, and troubled role as Asian leader. Major themes will include cross-cultural contact, world systems, and women's history. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY227 History of the Roman Empire

Focus on how conservative Roman republican ideals were reconciled with an increasingly Hellenized empire dominated by an imperial dynasty. Following a brief survey of prior Roman history, the course will examine the development of the Roman state in the first century AD under the Julio-Claudian emperors. The course will proceed to consider the Empire’s evolution and management under subsequent Flavian and Antonine dynasties. The city, its monuments, its art, its literature, bureaucracy and territorial expansion, the role of women, various social and minority groups, and the growth of Christianity will all be discussed. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY228 The American Colonies, 1492-1763

The English colonies in America, their founding and development within the British Empire. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

HY228 The American Colonies, 1492-1763

The English colonies in America, their founding and development within the British Empire. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

HY229 The American Revolution and the Constitution, 1763-1789

The movement for independence and the corollary movement to restructure politics internally, from the end of the Seven Years’ War through the Revolution and Confederation to the adoption of the U. S. Constitution. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY230 The Early Republic, 1789-1848

Initial development of the United States under the Constitution through the Virginia dynasty and Jacksonian democracy. Party formation; conflicts in political economy; diplomacy; expansion; social and cultural growth. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Rommel-Ruiz

HY231 Civil War and Reconstruction, 1845-1877

The causes, strategies, and impact of the Civil War on the United Sates. Slavery, sectional controversy, political crises; civilian and military life during the war; the successes and failures of Reconstruction; the problems of race. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY232 The Emergence of Modern America 1919-1942

Cultural expression, and race relations in the aftermath of WWI; changing sexual and racial relations and the anti-modernist response in the 1920s; the Harlem Renaissance; the causes and consequences of the Great Depression and FDR and the New Deal; the coming of WWII. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY233 Recent U.S. History, 1943-1973

Domestic politics and political realignments from Truman to Nixon; McCarthyism and the beginnings of the Cold War; covert action and direct intervention in U.S. foreign policy; Civil Rights; Black Power; feminism; and controversies regarding the American family. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY234 Contemporary U.S. History

American foreign policy from the 'Vietnam Syndrome' to the end of the Cold War to the invasion of Iraq; Americans and the Islamic world; transformations of the Republican and Democratic Parties and the Office of the President; negotiating race in the post-Civil Rights era; the 'New World Order' and the new immigration; religion, families, and gender and their roles in partisan politics. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Monroy

HY236 Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay since Independence

Political independence in the 1810s in La Plata and Chile. The impact of immigration, urbanization, modernization, populism, nationalism, militarism and redemocratization. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY237 History of Brazil, 1500-present

Portuguese colonization, political independence in a neo-colonial economy, the Brazilian Empire, the Republic. The emergence of modern Brazil: populism, corporation and militarism. The institution of slavery and its legacy. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY238 Colonial Hispano-America

Spanish conquest and administration in New Spain and Peru, the Catholic Church, internal and external colonial economies, the Bourbon reforms and political independence in the 1820s; class, caste and gender during the colonial period. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Pina

HY239 History of Mexico

The Aztec and other Indian peoples’ influence in Mexican history and thought; Spanish colonial legacy; Enlightenment, Liberal, and Conservative political philosophies; Mexico’s relationship to the United States; roles of the Church and of violence from European encounter through Revolution (1910-1921) and into Mexico’s current precarious social and political situation. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit

HY239 History of Mexico

The Aztec and other Indian peoples’ influence in Mexican history and thought; Spanish colonial legacy; Enlightenment, Liberal, and Conservative political philosophies; Mexico’s relationship to the United States; roles of the Church and of violence from European encounter through Revolution (1910-1921) and into Mexico’s current precarious social and political situation. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit

HY240 Foundations of American Constitutionalism and Diplomacy to 1865

Emphasizes the intellectual precursors and historical development of the federal union of 1787 and of early American foreign policy. Considers America before the Civil War as a system of states and explores through debates over the American union and early foreign policy a range of theoretical issues in international relations. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY241 The Emergence of Modern America, 1919-1942

Political liberty, cultural expression, and race relations in the aftermath of WWI; changing sexual and racial relations and the anti-modernist response in the 1920s; the Harlem Renaissance; the causes and consequences of the Great Depression and FDR and the New Deal; the coming of World War II. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: No prerequisite for History majors.

1 unit

HY243 Slavery and Antislavery Movements to 1860

African cultural backgrounds, African slavery in colonial British America and the U. S. to 1860; free Black people from 1790 to 1860 and antislavery movements. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Ratchford

HY244 Black People in the US since the Civil War

S. since the Civil War. Black Reconstruction; Black urban settlement; literary and artistic movements in the 1920s; civil rights struggles; recent social and political expressions. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Ratchford

HY248 History of Korea

A thematic survey of Korean history from the earliest times to the present covering social, cultural and political developments from the Three Kingdoms period through the Silla unification, Koryo and Choson dynasties to the modern era. Special emphasis on the twentieth century. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Williams

HY249 Women, Children & Men: Families in Historical Perspective

This course treats gender roles and family life throughout the European past, with comparative attention to families of other historical cultures and to relationships within non-human primate communities. It emphasizes the historical agency of women and children generally elided from traditional master narratives of Western Civilization, demonstrating how feminist and ethnohistorical approaches can reveal their experience. Course materials will include historiographical and anthropological literature as well as primary documents, literary works and visual sources. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Neel

HY252 Magic, Science, and Religion in the Mediterranean

How have science and religion come to be seen as such different enterprises? What role has the charge of 'magic' played in setting boundaries between communities as they sought to understand both the workings of the natural world and spiritual revelation? This course examines the intertwined histories of what we now call magic, science, and religion, through Babylonian, Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, and Latin sources, from the ancient through the early modern periods. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY255 Nature & Society

The course examines the interaction between Europeans and the natural world from the Renaissance to the present. It looks at how nature shaped the ways Europeans lived and worked and how, in turn, they thought about and behaved toward nature. In particular, it explores the impact of the Scientific Revolution, industrialization, and mass culture on the changing interplay between nature, society, and culture.

1 unit — Ashley

HY256 Education in the West

Educational institutions and their relationship to society from the Renaissance to the present. The rise of mass education and its impact on the structure and purpose of the educational system. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY261 Formation of Islamic Societies

Development of an Islamic world through formation of key institutions of Islamic urban life, the changing relationships of tribal and agrarian societies to urban society, and the differentiation of public and private space. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY262 The Modern Middle East: Freedoms and Authorities

Analysis of the variety of lived experiences and questions of freedom and authority in everyday life in the Middle East. Attention to the impact of modernity on gender roles and social order in the Middle East. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Murphy

HY267 The Southwest under Spain and Mexico

The pre-contact history of Anasazi and Athabascan peoples from anthropological and mythological perspectives; the causes and consequences of the Spanish entrada and attempts at missionization of the Indian peoples of New Mexico and the California coast; development of mestizo society; the arrival of the Anglo-Americans and the Mexican-American War. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY268 The Southwest since the Mexican War

The adaptation of Native American and Hispanic peoples to Anglo-American culture and politics; the causes and consequences of the loss of Hispanic lands; the evolution of family life and religious practices; indigenous views of modernity. Films, artistic expression, and works of fiction as well as historical sources. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY269 The Old South: Settlement, Slavery, Secession

Explores key themes in Southern history from colonial settlement through the American Civil War. Examines the distinctiveness of the American South, and how Southern life was shaped by slavery, particularly in the ways the plantation economy informed Southern political culture, gender and race relations. Other important issues include: Anglo-American encounters with Native Americans, the Great Awakening, the American Revolution, Jeffersonian republicanism, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, and the rise of Southern nationalism. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY270 The New South: Modernity,

1 unit — Rommel-Ruiz

HY274 Making Europe: Medieval Culture and the Framing of European Identity

Social structures, ritual communities, and political developments from the close of Mediterranean antiquity to the Black Death of the fourteenth century, with special attention to how Europeans began in this period to understand and characterize their experience as shared. Readings centering in contemporary historical, literary, and religious texts, discussed in light of differing interpretations of the relationship between medieval and modern Europe's.

1 unit — Neel

HY275 The Renaissance and the Reformation: Crisis and Dissent

Scientific, religious and artistic achievements of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY277 Europe in an Age of Absolutism

The birth of the modern state and the creation of modern society. From the end of the sixteenth-century Reformation and the religious wars through the crisis of the seventeenth century, as well as the making of the constitutional order in England and the absolutist state in France. Political, social, and cultural perspectives. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY278 Europe in the Age of Revolution: 1789-1870

Causes and the social and political effects of the French Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848, and the Industrial Revolution. Particular attention to the process of revolutionary change and to political movements including liberalism, Marxism, and nationalism. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY283 The Jews in the Modern Europe

The Jews of Poland, Western Europe, and the Islamic world during the 17th century. The Impact of Enlightenment and Assimilation. Hassidism and reform. Anti-Semitism, Zionism, and the American experience. World War I and its consequences: the changing Middle Eastern framework, Communism, Nazism. Israel, and its neighbors, and the world. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY286 War and Society since the Middle Ages

The experience of war in Western contexts compared to other major military cultures. Administrative, technical, and ideological contexts of war's evolution as the ultimate test of the cohesion of societies and the viability of nations. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY287 Enlightenment Culture

The course analyzes the origins of 'modernity' in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Beginning with the Scientific Revolution, it then looks at the social and political environment that made the 'Republic of Letters' possible. A wide variety of primary-source texts, including social and political criticism, novels and poetry, painting and sculpture, will be examined.

1 unit — Ragan

HY288 European Intellectual History

Changes in European thought from the early modern to the modern periods examined through the works of representative writers, philosophers, political theorists, scientists and artists (including Locke, Galileo, Hegel, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche, Freud, Sartre, Foucault, and others). The relationships between these changes and social developments. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

HY289 The Age of Ideology, 1870-1939

The “revolt against reason.” The effects of World War I and the Great Depression on society and politics. Analysis of the appeal of Bolshevism and Fascism. Particular attention to Mussolini and Hitler’s successful challenge to liberal governments and to the Spanish Civil War. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY290 World War II and Its Aftermath in Europe, 1939-2000

World War II and Its Aftermath in Europe, 1939-2000. The outbreak, course, and the effects of the War, including the advent of Communism in eastern Europe, European integration, and the 'economic miracle' in western Europe. The emergence of consumer society, the spread of popular culture, and the development of mass education. Attention to the challenges of decolonization and immigration Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Smith

HY302 The Invention of History

Herodotus, sometimes called the 'father of lies,' and Thucydides, sometimes called the first political scientist, treated as the first historians. Study of the ways of conceiving history and its relation to the peoples and periods explored. No Greek or Latin required.

1 unit — Cramer

HY303 The Uses of the Past: Studies in Philosophy and History

Critical issues in the philosophy of history and historical methodology as seen from the standpoint of the historian and the philosopher. (Offered by individual arrangement.) (Not offered 2017-18).

.5 to 1 unit

HY304 Advanced Topics in History:

Selected topics in the history of one or more world regions. Thematic concentration determined by the instructor.

Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor.

1 unit — Rommel-Ruiz, Williams

HY307 History of Sex: Traditions

Analysis of sexual roles and sexual practices in the world before the concept of ‘sexual identity’ emerged in the late nineteenth century. Examination of how different religious traditions such as Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism have viewed sex, and exploration of a wide variety of topics including pornography, prostitution, and same-sex sexual behavior throughout the pre-modern world. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY308 History of Sex: Modernity

After examination of the birth of ‘sexuality’ in late nineteenth-century Europe, exploration of the acceptance of and resistance to this new conceptual model throughout the world. Attention to heterosexuality and homosexuality, intersexuality, and ‘perversion,’ concluding with analysis of the contemporary cultural wars over sexuality in Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY312 Crusade and Reform in Europe's Long Twelfth Century

Social, intellectual, and spiritual ferment between the Investiture Contest of the 1170s and the death of Francis of Assisi in 1226, with special attention to ideology of expansionism in the eastern Mediterranean and diversity of belief within Latin Christendom. Readings in primary sources for military action in the Middle East, pogroms in the Rhineland, saints’ lives, and persecution of heretical groups, as well as major recent works of historical criticism. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY315 Film and History

Examines the representation of history in film. It compares a series of films to major themes and issues in the historiographical literature and raises questions about the ways films should adhere to the academic standards of the historical discipline. Students will read significant debates among cinematic and academic historians and explore the possibilities and limitations of cinematic presentations of history. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY316 History & Literature

An examination of the relationships, both similarities and differences, of history and literature. Using selected theoretical texts from Aristotle to the present, traditional narrative historical texts, experimental histories, fictions based on imagined thoughts and actions of historical figures, and comparisons of historical/biographical texts and historical novels, the course explores the different and/or similar purposes and functions of historical writing and literary writing, and the truth claims of each as forms of narrative and knowledge. In addition, we will read history literally and literature historically in order to interrogate the uses and limitations of both forms of writing. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY330 Colloquium in History and Political Science

A junior seminar organized around comparative analysis of a common theme or topic, employing both historical and political science approaches to analysis and research. Designed principally for History/Political Science majors, but others may be admitted with consent of instructors.

Prerequisite: HY/PS Major or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Lee, Murphy

HY344 Modern France and Italy: Fascism, War and Resistance

An examination of the effect of total war, extremism, and economic crisis on politics and society, with special attention to fascism, the resistance, post World War II revival, and to cultural movements such as the avant-garde, futurism, and existentialism. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY362 The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1845-1877

The causes, strategies, and impact of the Civil War on the United States. Slavery; sectional controversy; political crises; civilian and military life during the war; the successes and failures of Reconstruction; the problems of race. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY384 Cultural and Social History of China

Chinese ways of life and thought and the interaction of local social patterns with government and elite ideals. Focuses on the last great dynasty, the Qing. With Emphasis on Writing. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY393 Germany, 1914-1945: The Crisis Years

Formation of the new nation that Hitler said in 1933 the world would not recognize. Germany’s catalysis of European and world transformations, as well as its institution of dictatorship and genocide at home. Political, economic, social/cultural, intellectual, and military aspects of German experience. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

HY399 Junior Seminar: Studying History

An examination of traditional and new methods of studying the past and an exploration of the debate over the nature and the meaning of history. Designed primarily for history majors, but others may be admitted with the consent of the department.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & Junior standing.

1 unit — Ashley, Williams

HY406 Research Workshop

Students learn how to develop a research topic, advanced library and primary document research, and historical research design and organization. Students meet regularly to discuss their work in progress. Usually, a central text is also discussed throughout the semester. (Semester-long extended format course.) (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & Declared Major.

.5 unit

HY409 Directed Readings in History:

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & 3 units of History.

.5 to 2 units

HY410 Senior Seminar

An advanced seminar on selected topics and themes in historical study.

Prerequisite: History 399, consent of instructor and senior standing.

1 unit — Kohout, Rommel-Ruiz

HY420 Senior Essay

Independent, primary source research. Particular content and emphasis of the paper to be determined in consultation with supervising professor. To be taken in the block immediately following HY 410.

Prerequisite: History 399 and 410 consent of instructor, senior standing.

1 unit — Kohout, Rommel-Ruiz

HY424 History-Political Science Thesis

An interdisciplinary, primary source-based thesis on a subject of interest to the student. Independent study format with regular consultation between the student and the faculty supervisors.

Prerequisite: Consent of both departments.

2 units

HY425 History-Philosophy Thesis

An interdisciplinary, primary-source based thesis on a subject of interest to the student and approved by two faculty supervisors, one in Philosophy and one in History. Independent study format with regular consultation between the student and the faculty supervisors.

Prerequisite: Consent of both faculty supervisors and registration in Philosophy 425 in the same academic year. Both courses must be completed at some point during blocks 1-6 or the senior year.

1 unit

HY430 Senior Thesis

Prerequisite: 399, 410, consent of instructor, senior standing.

1 unit

HY431 Senior Thesis

Directed reading and preparation of a thesis.

Prerequisite: 399, consent of instructor, senior standing.

1 unit

Political Science

PS101 What is Politics? Examines enduring themes in political life

Questions explored include the balance between state authority and individual liberty; analogies between the exercise of power in government and other areas of human life; the nature of ethical judgment in governance; and the varying ways in which constitutional regimes give expression to and tame the exercise of power. (Formerly 201 Political Analysis.) (Cannot be taken after 103.) (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: No credit after 103.

1 unit

PS103 Western Political Traditions

A survey of the experiences and ideas that have shaped political life in the West. Treatment of selected periods and political philosophies from Ancient Greece through the 20th century. The foundations and development of liberal-democratic thought, together with critiques of, and alternatives to, liberal-democratic thought and practice. Focus on the constitutional democracy of the United States. (Cannot be taken after PS 101.) (Offered as an FYE course.) Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: No credit after Political Science 101.

1 to 3 units

PS115 Concepts of Freedom From Ancient to Modern Times

This interdisciplinary course explores enduring questions in the Western tradition: What does it mean to be free? What are the basic ideas of freedom that figure prominently in the Western tradition? What is freedom for? Is there a rational use of freedom? Discussion will spring from readings in ancient, medieval and modern philosophy, politics, religion and literature, and complementary films. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

PS123 Race in America: A Conversation

(Not offered 2017-18).

.5 unit

PS150 Fundamental Debates on the Common Good

A major controversy in the history of Western political philosophy has been over the foundation and aims of political rule. Crucial to this debate is the question of the character and limits of a 'common good,' and indeed, the question whether such a good can even exist. Basic but competing perspectives, drawn from ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary texts, will be examined, and stress will be placed on how the question of the 'common good' continues to animate political debate, as well as on its potential for shaping a student's moral and political outlook. (Offered as an FYE course.) Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Grace

PS200 American Politics and Government

The structure and process of United States national politics and government. Special attention to the ideas and values, institutions, and political processes that shape contemporary public policies in this country.

1 unit — Cronin, Derdzinski

PS203 Topics in Politics:

1 unit — Alters, Chandrani, Coggins, Derdzinski

PS204 Topics in Politics: The Prison-Industrial Complex

An examination of shifting notions of crime and punishment in the United States and their political and social consequences. Primary focus on the growing incarceration rate, emerging corrections practices and philosophies, the rise of privatization and emergence of a 'revolving door' prison economy. (Not offered 2017-18).

.5 to 1 unit

PS205 Foundations of Political Economy

Examines enduring themes of Political Economy with a focus on the balance between individual liberty, state authority, regulation of economic activity and the relation of the polity to economy.

1 unit — Fuller

PS209 Introduction to International Relations

Introduction to the theory and practice of the contemporary state system. Emphasis on the last hundred years of inter-state rivalry.

Prerequisite: Either 209 or 225 can be counted towards the PS and IPE majors, but not both.

1 unit — Hendrickson, Price-Smith

PS210 The Law & Social Justice

Analysis of significant and controversial Supreme Court decisions on issues such as racism and the legacy of slavery, school desegregation, affirmative action, gender discrimination, sexual harassment, the right to an abortion, criminal law, freedom of speech, and the separation of church and state.

1 unit — Galves

PS211 Women, Government and Public Policy

Examines the relationship between women, government, and public policy -- with the primary goal of understanding how politics is gendered. Topics include the 'waves' of feminism, how female lawmakers navigate the electoral and legislative arenas, and the role of gender in public policy.

1 unit

PS212 The Civil Rights Movement

A survey of the Civil Rights Movement from the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955 to the assassination of Martin Luther King in Memphis in 1968. Particular emphasis on the enduring legal, political, and social effects of the movement. (Not offered 2017-18).

.5 unit

PS213 Leadership and Governance

Introduction to models and theories of leadership. Analysis of skills, styles and abilities that are frequently associated with effective leadership in political and organizational settings. Analysis of the paradoxes of leadership and the tensions among leadership, democracy, and creativity. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 3 units

PS220 Socrates

Famously condemned by democratic Athens as an impious and immoral corrupter of the young, Socrates has subsequently become a kind of hero of intellectual freedom. Yet Socrates’s radical pursuit of self-knowledge, his claim that 'the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being” has also continuously provoked profound philosophical debates. What does it mean to live an “examined life”? Why is self-knowledge the most important kind of knowledge? Does progress in Socratic self-knowledge help to strengthen – can it even comport with – our heartfelt commitments to moral, religious, and political progress? In this course, we begin to explore Socrates’ enigmatic life and teachings through accounts given of him by Plato and Xenophon, as well as through the many different and thoughtful judgments made of him through the ages - from Aristophanes and Aristotle to Rousseau, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, and beyond.

.5 unit — Grace

PS225 Conduct of American Foreign Policy

Ideas and Institutions which condition the formulation and execution of the nation's foreign policy.

Prerequisite: Either 209 or 225 can be counted towards the PS and IPE majors, but not both.

1 unit — Foerster, Gould, Price-Smith

PS226 Gender & Politics

Examines the following questions: Are there politically relevant differences between the sexes, and if so, are they the product of nature and/or convention? What is/ought to be the relation between the political community and private attachments? How has liberalism answered these questions? How does consideration of gender challenge liberal theories such as contract, individual rights, and human nature? Readings in both political theory and in feminist literature.

1 unit — Grace

PS227 20th Century Japan

This course will trace the social, political, and cultural developments in Japan from the first Parliamentary elections in 1890 to the current fiscal crisis in the 1990s. Using a wide range of sources, students will explore major themes in Japan's empire, World War, economic miracle, and troubled role as Asian leader. Major themes will include cross-cultural contact, world systems, and women's history. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS231 Political Campaigning

Student internships in primary and general elections. Post-campaign written analysis required. (Offered as an independent study.)

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & may be arranged any block.

.5 to 1 unit

PS233 Governmental Participation

Directed internships in national, state and local government agencies. Written analysis of the work experience required. (Offered as an independent study.)

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & may be arranged any block.

.5 to 1 unit

PS234 Freedom and Empire: The Drama of Ancient Politics

Examines ancient politics, from the struggle for freedom to the temptations of empire, insofar as it is vividly portrayed in Shakespeare and the classical literature of Greece and Rome: the greatness, challenges and defects of the ancient republic; the nature of political and military ambition; and the causes and character of empire. Focus/possible works: Shakespeare's Roman plays; the Socratic Xenophon's novel on the rise and rule of Cyrus the Great; Tacitus on Roman emperors. The course may also draw upon Machiavelli on Rome. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS235 Shakespeare’s Political Wisdom

This course will explore Shakespeare’s dramas as political philosophy. In his plays, Shakespeare often immerses the audience in richly detailed political situations that give rise to profound political and moral dilemmas which human beings continue to confront to this day. The class will pursue the moral and political education that thoughtful and prudent political men and women had for generations found in so many of Shakespeare’s dramas. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS236 Introduction to Comparative Politics

This course introduces the concepts, definitions, theories and scholarly approaches used to study comparative politics with reference to selected case studies in different regions of the world.

1 unit — Lindau, Sorace

PS242 Conservatism & Liberalism

Examination of leading conservative and liberal thinkers in America since 1945. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS243 Southeast Asian Politics

By providing an overview of states and societies in pre-colonial, colonial, and post-colonial Southeast Asia, this course aims to make sense of key forces which have shaped the region's diverse political systems today-the military juntas in Burma and Thailand, the socialist regime in Vietnam, single party dominant systems in Singapore and Malaysia, and multiparty presidential systems in Indonesia and the Philippines. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS246 Politics in Literature

Reading and discussion of classic and contemporary works of fiction and drama known both for their literary merit and for their insight into politics. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS248 Environmental Politics of Agriculture

This course focuses on the historical and contemporary processes of environmental change and agrarian transformation as a result of resource scarcity, scientific progress, and capitalist development. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS253 Introduction to International Development

Drawing on politics, economics, sociology and anthropology, this course critically examines the First World's relations with the Third World through the lens of 'development.' (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS254 Democracy & Justice

(Not offered 2017-18).

.5 unit

PS270 Liberty & Equality

Explores the question whether there is a fundamental justification for democratic rule by analyzing diverse defenses and critiques of the claims that democracy is founded on the truth of human equality and best provides for individual liberty. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS272 Cities, Sustainability, and Environmental Justice

Examines the relationship between cities and nature, with a particular emphasis on current efforts by cities around the world to become more environmentally sustainable. Explores the meanings of sustainability in the context of urban areas, and how these meanings differ among cities in the Global North and the Global South. Considers the major political challenges that cities face in their efforts to reduce their environmental impact and questions of environmental justice. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS274 Environmental Politics and Policy

Considers environmental politics and policy in the United States from the early twentieth century through the present. Examines environmental policies at the federal level, their effectiveness and limitations in protecting the environment, and the major policy debates that have surrounded them. Investigates the role of other key actors in shaping environmental governance, including environmental organizations, industry, and state and local governments

Prerequisite: Environmental Program 141 or Political Science 200 recommended. EV Policy majors and EV Integrated Science majors can count this course or Environmental Program 271 toward the major, but not both.

1 unit — McKendry

PS290 Foundations of Political Thought

Examines the origins and development of political theory from Plato to Machiavelli. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: Meets AP:A if taken immediately before Political Science 101.

1 unit

PS292 American Political Thought

An examination of the political theory of the American founding and its relevance to contemporary political problems.

1 unit — Fuller

PS296 The Politics of the Legal Process

Norms and processes of courts and the legal professions. How they shape and are shaped by public policy and political culture. Emphasis given to interpretation of statutes, common law, and the U. S. Constitution. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS298 What is Political Philosophy?

Among the fundamental questions to be raised: How does the perspective of a political philosopher differ from that of an experienced practitioner of politics? What - if anything - makes for a philosophical approach to politics, and what accounts for the differences in approaches and conclusions among various political philosophies? Why have philosophers turned their attention to politics, and why is it the case that, for some political philosophers, a concern for affecting political practice is not the primary interest, nor even a goal, while for others it is?

1 unit — Grace

PS301 Europe and its Governments:

A comparative study of the political systems and political cultures of selected European countries with consideration of the history and prospects of European Union. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS303 The Uses of the Past

Examination of modern philosophies of history since Hegel. Taught as an independent study, extended format or Summer Readings course in accordance with student schedules by arrangement with the instructor. Also fulfills a requirement in the Classics-History-Political Science major. COI.

.5 to 1 unit

PS304 Political Psychology

An overview of the interdisciplinary field of political psychology. Questions include: 1)Why do people engage in 'evil' behavior; 2)Why is there intergroup conflict; 3)How does the media alter political attitudes; and 4)Why do people make 'irrational political decisions? To answer these questions we will engage the situationist - dispositionist debate which shapes political behavior more, the situations in which individuals find themselves, or the psychological dispositions of those individuals? (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS306 Democracy & Markets

A comparative examination of the introduction of democracy and markets in Latin America, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Asia, featuring an analysis of how the contemporary package of neo-liberal policies known as 'the Washington consensus' interacts with political institutions. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Gould

PS308 Comparative Politics: Russia

The roots, rise, maturity, and collapse of Soviet Leninism. Addresses implications of the Soviet legacy and contemporary conditions of the post-Soviet political order in Russia and other successor states of the Soviet Union. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS309 Origins of the Modern State System

Examines the development of international thought from the Renaissance to the Scottish, French, and American Enlightenments. How the modern thinkers saw antiquity, and how their thought is relevant to contemporary trends and debates, are key themes. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

PS310 Post-Communist Politics and Literature

Examination of post-communist political and economic changes in Eastern Europe, Central Europe, and Russia following the fall of communism through the lenses of political theory, economic theory, and literature. Exploration of how literature not only reflects and comments on political and economic developments but also enacts them. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: 200 or 300-level literature course in Comparative Literature, English or other literature course; any 100 or 200 level Political Science course; or Consent of Instructor.

1 unit

PS311 Contemporary International Politics

An examination of the conflict zones of the contemporary international system, with typical focus on East Asia, the Middle East, and Europe (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

PS312 Balkan Politics-Disintegration & Rebirth

Focuses on Yugoslavia's disintegration in the 1990's and the subsequent international response. Evaluates theories developed in the fields of international relations and comparative politics that purport to explain events. Places specific focus on the interaction of identity and political institutions. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

.5 to 1 unit

PS313 Comparative Politics: The Middle East and North Africa

A comparative study of the internal politics of selected states in the region, with emphasis on the relationship between the religious and political spheres and on the question of democratization. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Lee

PS314 International Politics of the Middle East and North Africa

The re-emergence of the Middle East as a regional subsystem in the 20th Century. The role of foreign powers, the rise and decline of Arabism, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, wars in the Gulf, and the impact of the Islamist movements since 1967. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Lee

PS315 Parties and Voting Behavior

Current philosophies and strategies for victory of the Democratic and Republican parties in the United States. Emphasis on group voting behavior and recent election statistics. (Not open to students who have taken Topics in Politics: Electoral Politics and Voting Behavior.) (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

PS317 The American Founding

Examines the main characters, events, and ideas of the era of revolution and constitution building. Focuses on the debates over the Federal Constitution and the diplomacy of the early republic. Considers changing views of the Constitution’s significance over time. Also listed as History 240.

1 unit — Hendrickson

PS318 The American Presidency

Examines and evaluates the institution, the politics and policy impact of the American presidency with special emphasis on theories, models and strategies of presidential leadership.

1 unit — Cronin

PS320 The United States Congress

Structure and operation of the United States House of Representatives and the United States Senate. Emphasis on political organization, the committee system, lobby groups, roll-call analysis, and congressional relations with the executive and the bureaucracy. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS321 Public Policymaking

Forces shaping public policies and decisions; internal politics of the national bureaucracy, the Presidency and Congress. Applies theories of policymaking to such cases as the environment, race and military affairs.

1 unit — Coggins

PS321 Public Policymaking

Forces shaping public policies and decisions; internal politics of the national bureaucracy, the Presidency and Congress. Applies theories of policymaking to such cases as the environment, race and military affairs.

1 unit — Coggins

PS322 Russia & the World

(Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS323 Minority Politics

A comparative analysis of the political experience and responses of major ethnic minorities and women to the American political process. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS324 Environmental Law and Policy for Global Commons

Examines the application of international policy and law in the protection of the global commons -- climate, biological diversity, the marine environment and the atmosphere. Considers the major issues -- pollution control, natural resource management, and trade -- and focuses on the international infrastructure and treaties that have been negotiated to regulate the environment -- the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Seas (UNCLOS), the Rio Declaration, the Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS325 The American Century

A study of the world involvement of the United States from World War I to the present. Examines themes of rise and decline; isolation and intervention; union and empire; military industrial complex and national security state; domestic influences on foreign policy.

1 unit — Hendrickson

PS326 Japanese Politics

Survey course on the development of modern politics in Japan, from the Meiji Restoration to the contemporary corporatist partnership between the state and the business and financial community. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS327 Modern China

This survey course, covering Chinese history and politics from the Boxer Rebellion and the first Western influences to the successful revolution by the Chinese Communist Party, will provide a basic understanding of Chinese history and politics in the modern era. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS330 Colloquium in History and Political Science

A seminar organized around comparative analysis of a common theme or topic, employing both historical and political science approaches to analysis and research. Designed principally for History/Political Science majors, but others may be admitted with consent of instructor.

Prerequisite: HY/PS major or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Lee, Murphy

PS331 Comparative Politics: China

The development of Chinese politics, with emphasis on the period of reform and opening to the world after 1976 and the contemporary politics of the People's Republic of China. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Sorace

PS333 Building The European Union: Integration, Institutions and Politics

Students acquire the historical background and analytical tools necessary to understand the European Union. Covers EU history, institutions, and contemporary policies. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS334 The U.S. Environmental Movement

This course examines the politics of environmentalism and environmental activism in the United States. It focuses on the development and transformation of environmentalism as a social movement from its roots in the preservationists of the late 19th century, through the emergence of the modern environmental movement in the mid-twentieth century, up to through the challenges environmentalism has faced from across the political spectrum in the past thirty years. It also examines the principal debates that have divided the environmental movement itself, including the debate between conservationism and reservationism, the relationship between wilderness protection and environmental justice, and debates about the efficacy of the movement’s traditional focus on state regulation. Finally, the course investigates the successes and failures of the environmental movement and the challenges and opportunities that mark environmental politics today (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: Political Science 200 or Environmental Program 271 recommended.

1 unit

PS335 Comparative Politics of Latin America

An overview of theories of political change and a comparative analysis of the politics of Argentina, Brazil and Chile. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Lindau

PS336 The Cuban Revolution

This course examines theories of revolution through the lens of the Cuban experience. Special focus on the evolution of the Cuban regime and the evaluation of its performance. Additional topics include the analysis of U.S. policy toward the Castro government. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

Prerequisite: Political Science 335 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Lindau

PS342 Intervention, the Drug War and Human Migration: The U.S.-Latin American Relationship

The U.S.-Latin American Relationship: Explores the evolution of the U.S.- Latin American relationship over the last century. Focuses primarily on overt and covert intervention; the genesis and evolution of the drug war; and, the impacts of human migration. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Lindau

PS344 Realism and Idealism in Political Philosophy

We will reconsider the commonly used terms 'idealism' and 'realism,' 'theory' and 'practice' in light of prominent works of political philosophy that are devoted to the study of human aspirations to peace and justice in both domestic and international politics. Through an attentive reading of Machiavelli’s infamous work The Prince (and selected readings) we will consider how a philosophical or radical realism can give birth to a daring venture, both ruthless and humane, to revolutionize both political thought and practice. Then, by way of a careful interpretation of Plato’s Republic, we will consider how philosophical engagement with political 'idealism' can give rise to a kind of thoroughgoing realism, and a complete transformation of our moral and political aspirations.

1 unit — Grace

PS348 Conduct of Russian Foreign Policy

Investigates competing narratives explaining Russia’s patterns of conflict and cooperation with the West. An in-depth empirical study of the historical record enables students to develop an informed, critical analysis of Russian foreign policy. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS350 Theories of the Contemporary International Politics.

Surveys contending theories of the contemporary global system, with attention to topics such as globalization, U.S. hegemony, regional conflict, the just war, and the environment. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: Political Science 209, 225 or consent of instructor.

1 unit

PS351 State Formation and Social Movements

Examines the historical processes of state formation in the West and elsewhere. Explores reactions from societies, which took the forms of social movements--from peasant rebellions to social revolutions. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS356 Global Environmental Policy

An interdisciplinary analysis of environmental policy formulation and regulation at the international level. Examines the negative impact of human activity upon complex ecosystems and the 'global commons,' and analyses the efficacy of international regimes, such as the Kyoto Protocol. Debates the linkages between environmental change, prosperity, and conceptualizations of security.

1 unit — Price-Smith

PS358 Environment, Health and Security

Focuses on the global dimensions of environmental change, resource scarcity, and their interactions with human health within the domain of political science. Examines the utility of orthodox 'national security' paradigms versus emerging conceptualizations of 'human security.' (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS371 Political Thought from Kant to Nietzsche

Examination of works fundamental to the development of modern political philosophy, including Kant, Hegel, Marx, Mill and Nietzsche. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS372 Political Thought Since Nietzsche

Reading of major essays in political thought from Nietzsche to the present including such thinkers as Hannah Arendt, Friedrich Hayek, Pierre Manent, Michael Oakeshott, Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin.

Prerequisite: Junior standing or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Fuller

PS375 Introduction to International Political Economy

Examination of classic and modern conceptions of political economy. Emphasis on understanding theory and applying it to explain political and economic outcomes within states and among states in the international arena. Open to declared junior International Political Economy majors, and to others with consent of instructor.

Prerequisite: Economics 201.

1 unit — Kapuria-Foreman, McKendry

PS380 Constitutional Law in American Politics

Examines (1) the political and social dynamics and interpretive methods that shape the constitutional decisions of the U. S. Supreme Court, and (2) the political impact of the Court's constitutional decisions and doctrines on political and social conditions. Emphasis given to the shift from judicial concern with governmental structures and powers to the contemporary concern with individual and group rights.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor or Political Science 200.

1 unit — Galves

PS385 Rousseau Contra Nietzsche

The writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Friedrich Nietzsche - as penetrating as they are eloquent, as radical in their philosophical explorations as they are revolutionary in their moral and political implications – continue to have a profound influence on our age. Both Rousseau and Nietzsche leveled scathing critiques at emergent modernity and incisively detailed its powerful but corrupting effects on our lives, while painting competing visions of how to ennoble modern values, politics and culture. Yet they seem to do so as polar opposites; indeed, Nietzsche directs his immense rhetorical firepower at Rousseau as a thinker who fostered values - values central to us now - that would only serve to deepen the problems that concern him. Nietzsche’s condemnation of Rousseau, however, is the obverse of his high regard for the latter as the originator of one of the most profound alternatives to modernity. The course will seek to enter into this great contest through an attentive reading of a number of Rousseau’s and Nietzsche’s fundamental texts. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

PS402 Independent Research in Political Science

A project normally organized around preparation of a substantial paper. Proposed and carried out at student initiative, under supervision of a department faculty member, in an area in which the student has already completed basic course work. (May also be listed as North American Studies 402 if emphasis is on Canada.)

.5 to 2 units

PS403 Independent Study:

(Not offered 2017-18).

.5 to 1 unit

PS404 Tutorial in American Politics

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

1 unit — Coggins, Wolfe

PS408 Tutorial in Political Theory

May be taught as a block course or as an extended format year-long course.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

1 unit

PS410 Tutorial in International Relations

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

1 unit — Hendrickson, Price-Smith

PS412 Tutorial in Comparative Politics

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

1 unit — Lee, Lindau, Sorace

PS419 Seminar in Political Philosophy:

A semester long intensive study of advanced texts and topics in political philosophy. The seminar takes one of two forms: Morality of Power. Examines various accounts and defenses of the human interest in the pursuit of power; what constitutes power; and the relations among power, political rule, and justice. Philosophy and Politics in Post-modernity. An introduction to radical changes in philosophic thinking and their potential significance for our understanding of American politics and its principles. This introduction will take place, in part, through a debate with a modern approach to philosophy, politics and morals, including a consideration of its possible connection to Nihilism.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

.5 unit

PS424 History-Political Science Thesis

Prerequisite: Consent of both Departments.

2 units

PS450 Political Science Thesis

Thesis on a subject chosen by the student with approval from the department. Independent-study format with regular consultation between student and faculty supervisor.

1 to 2 units

PS470 Tutorial in International Political Economy

Focuses on the historical development and current role of international institutions and multilateral treaties in the regulation of the world economy and environment, with emphasis on the impact of and challenges presented by globalization. Students write a substantial paper exploring some aspect of this interaction, but have considerable freedom in defining their research agenda.

Prerequisite: IPE major or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Gould

PS490 Political Economy Distinction Thesis

Optional for majors in American Political Economy and International Political Economy, upon application to, and approval of, the departments of Political Science and Economics and Business. (Must be taken in conjunction with Economics 491 for a total of 2 units.)

1 to 2 units

Classics

CL101 Greek for Beginners

Introduction to the structure and vocabulary of classical Greek, with attention to those features that form the classical basis of Biblical koine and for the classical side of Greek diglossia from Hellenistic times through the 20th century. Short texts from Homer to Kazantzakis and Cavafy provide practice in literary, philosophical and rhetorical reading and initiation in major areas of Western thought. Attention to the history of the language and its relation to ancient, medieval and modern culture. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Buxton

CL103 Review of Elementary Greek

A lower-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Greek. A systematic review of grammar with supervised readings and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 101 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL104 Review of Elementary Greek

A lower-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Greek. A systematic review of grammar with supervised reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 101 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL111 Latin for Beginners

Introduction to the structure of classical Latin; reading of short texts from Plautus to Milton and Newton to provide practice in literary and rhetorical reading and initiation in major areas of western thought. Attention to the history of the language and its relation to ancient, medieval and modern culture. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Thakur

CL113 Review of Elementary Latin

A lower-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Latin. A systematic review of grammar with supervised reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 111 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 111 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL114 Review of Elementary Latin

A lower-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Latin. A systematic review of grammar with supervised reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 111 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 111 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL115 Introduction to Classical Literature and Archaeology:

Introduction to Ancient Greek and Roman cultures through reading of original sources and an examination of material culture. Part One: literature from various genres (such as epic, dramatic, lyric and philosophical); modern ways of receiving and interpreting them. Part Two: art, architecture and topography of ancient Greece and Rome. This course will consider the long-standing influence these civilizations played in the development of later Western cultures, and will examine modern outcomes and parallels to the historical forms and movements, such as Athenian democracy as a precedent for American democracy, colonization in antiquity and European colonialism in the c. 16-19, and the Roman Empire as a precedent for the expansive American State of late c. 19 to the present. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 to 2 units

CL116 Greek History and Philosophy: Self and Soul from Antiquity to Modernity

Aegean and Greek archaeological, historical, literary and philosophical texts, with emphasis on ideas formative of Western culture. The development and transformations of these ideas as reflected in selected texts from the early Christian era, the Enlightenment, and the Modern Age. We concentrate on concepts of what it means to be human, and the relation of individuals to community, nature, and the divine in such authors as Homer, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Dante, Descartes, Goethe, Nietzsche, and Heidegger (Also listed as History 116 and Philosophy 116.) (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

CL117 Concepts of Freedom from Ancient to Modern Times

This interdisciplinary course explores enduring questions in the Western tradition: What does it mean to be free? What are the basic ideas of freedom that figure prominently in the Western tradition? What is freedom for? Is there a rational use of freedom? Discussion will spring from readings in ancient, medieval and modern philosophy, politics, religion and literature, and complementary films. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

2 units

CL118 Myth, Gender and Metamorphosis in the Ancient Mediterranean

An exploration of Greek, Roman and Near Eastern myths in the ancient Mediterranean, emphasizing metamorphoses thematically across cultures, with attention to the (imagined) other in gender and society. Readings will include selections from Mesopotamian literature (Enuma Elish, The Epic of Gilgamesh, The Hymns to Inanna), Greece and Rome (Hesiod’s Theogony, the Homeric Hymns, the Greek dramatists and Aristophanes, Sappho, Sulpicia and Ovid’s Metamorphoses, among others), and accompanying art and archaeological evidence.

2 units — Dobson, Thakur

CL121 Intensive Latin Grammar Review and Reading Practice

Intensive Latin Grammar Review and Reading Practice. This course will use a morphological and syntactic approach to review and practice the essential structures and concepts of Latin grammar. It is intended to prepare students for courses at the 200 level. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: Classics 111, placement above Classics 111 on department placement test or consent of department.

.5 to 1 unit

CL125 The Ancient Mediterranean

Survey of the civilizations that flourished in and around Mesopotamia, Egypt, Syria-Palestine, Greece and Italy from the time of the first cities (3000 BC) to the rise of Islam (seventh century AD). Beyond providing a historical overview, the course explores the surprising ways in which the various peoples of this area influenced one another culturally. We will also learn about the different types of evidence, both literary and archaeological, on which knowledge of the ancient world is based. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL160 Race, Ethnicity, and Prejudice in the Ancient World

An introduction to the theoretical concept of ethnicity and related issues as they played out in the ancient Mediterranean world. In particular, a focus on the way Greeks and Romans defined themselves and distinguished themselves from other peoples as a way of assigning meaning to the universe, and how those attitudes motivated their behavior towards outsiders. Also an examination of the practical effects of such discourses on the lives of people who lived in Greek and Roman communities without belonging to the dominant groups, and some of the ways in which modern approaches to race and ethnicity have structured and sometimes distorted our collective understanding of the past. The materials studied include literary, artistic, and archaeological evidence, as well as modern scholarship. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Cramer

CL200 Latin Language

Latin Language course taken on Mediterranean Semester Program. (Not offered 2017-18).

.75 to 1 unit

CL201 Reading in Greek:

Introduction to Greek literature, including Homer and dramatic, philosophical or historical writing.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Wise

CL202 Reading in Greek:

Introduction to Greek literature, including Homer and dramatic, philosophical or historical writing.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Buxton

CL203 Review of Intermediate Greek

An upper-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Greek. A systematic review of grammar with reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 201 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 201 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL204 Review of Intermediate Greek

An upper-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Greek. A systematic review of grammar with reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 201 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 201 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL209 Late Antiquity

Continuity and change from Roman antiquity to the Christian Middle Ages in the art and architecture of Mediterranean lands (200-600 A. D.). The 'decline' of Rome and the development of Christian imagery will be studied through art, archaeological sites, and texts-writings from the time as well as later historians. (Not offered 2017-18).

Prerequisite: Art History 111, 112 or consent of instructor.

1 unit

CL210 Greek Philosophy

Major writers and schools from the thousand year history of Greek philosophical research in the areas of nature, the gods, the mind, and ways of life: Ionian and Italian Pre-Socratics, Plato and the Academy, Aristotle, Pyrrho, the Cynics, the Stoa, Epicurus and Lucretius, and the revival in Late Antiquity of Pyrronian Scepticism and Platonism. Emphasis on close reading of the texts (including certain Greek terms) and on critical and comparative writing.

1 unit — Riker

CL211 Reading in Latin:

Various ancient and medieval Latin works.

Prerequisite: Classics 111 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Wise

CL212 Reading in Latin:

Various ancient and medieval Latin works.

Prerequisite: Classics 211: 111 or 2yrs HS Latin. Classics 311: 212. Classics 411: 311,312. All are 'or consent of instructor'.

1 unit — Thakur

CL213 Review of Intermediate Latin

An upper-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Latin. A systematic review of grammar with reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 211 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 211 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL214 Review of Intermediate Latin

An upper-level maintenance course for students who plan to continue their study of Latin. A systematic review of grammar with reading and translation practice. Prerequisite: Classics 211 or equivalent. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 211 or equivalent.

.25 unit

CL216 History of the Roman Republic

Focus on the development of Rome, from a small city ruled by kings, to a regional power ruled under a Republic. The course will trace Rome's expansion through Italy, its conflict with Carthage and will closely examine the end of the Republic. Individuals discussed will include the Gracchi, generals Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, and Rome's greatest politician (and author) Cicero. (Also listed as History 216.) (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL218 Homer

The Iliad and Odyssey as oral traditional poems, preservers of Bronze Age and archaic lore, locus of the creation of classical Greek culture and predecessors of European epic; together with Hesiodic epic and Homeric hymns. Reading in English with attention to the formal Greek diction and the problems of translation, except that students who know Greek will read parts of the original text. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL219 Greek Drama: Origins and Early Forms of Theater

A study of origins, early texts, performance practices and developing theatrical conventions in various cultures, with special emphasis on ancient Greek and Roman theatre. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL220 Myth & Meaning

Religion and myth of ancient Greece and Rome in relation to that of the ancient Mediterranean (Akkadian, Hittite, Sumerian, Egyptian). Female presence in art, literature and religion compared to treatment of women in their respective cultures. Theoretical approaches to the understanding of myth (Comparative, Jungian, Structuralist) in relation to myths as they are encoded in their specific cultures. Students may trace a myth through Medieval, Renaissance and modern transformations in art, music, poetry and film, or study myth in other cultures (e.g. Norse and Celtic). May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Dobson

CL221 The Invention of History

Herodotus, sometimes called the 'father of lies,' and Thucydides, sometimes called the first political scientist, treated as the first historians. Study of the ways of conceiving history and its relation to the peoples and periods explored. No Greek or Latin required.

1 unit — Cramer

CL222 Topics:

Courses vary from year to year, to include offerings in classical and comparative religion and mythology, history, language and literature, anthropology, archaeology and women's studies supplementary to those offered in the catalog. No Greek or Latin required.

1 unit — Anderson, Cramer, Kolarik, McEnnerney

CL223 Art of Greece & Rome

Surveys the art and architecture of Greece and Rome from their origins in Bronze Age Greece to their transformation in the late Roman Empire using methods of art history and archaeology. Ancient Greek cities and sanctuaries with emphasis on Athens and the monuments of the Acropolis. The spread of Hellenism and the formation of an imperial visual language under Alexander the Great and his successors. The influence of Etruscan and Greek art in the Roman Republic. Imperial monuments of the city of Rome and throughout the empire as instruments of power. The class will consider political and social factors in the formation and utilization of Classical forms in both ancient and modern times. (Also listed as AH 207). (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL226 Roman History: Literature and Culture of the Augustan Age

Focus on the development of the Roman state in the late first century B.C. under the emperor Augustus. The city, its monuments, its art, its literature, bureaucracy and territorial expansion, the role of women, and various social and minority groups will all be discussed. In particular, the course will emphasize important and influential literary figures, such as Horace, Ovid, Propertius, Virgil and Augustus himself.

1 unit — Wise

CL227 The Ancient Economy

A survey of economic life in ancient Greece and Rome, which involved both primitive subsistence agriculture and a complex international marketplace of luxury goods—often tightly regulated by predatory states. Topics will include the essential but diverse role of slavery, why debt crises plagued rich and poor alike, the degree to which banking facilitated international trade, and how governments manipulated the silver content of coinage to cover budget shortfalls or finance armies. Also considered are the reasons behind the invention and spread of coinage as a medium of exchange. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Buxton

CL236 History of the Roman Empire

Focus on how conservative Roman republican ideals were reconciled with an increasingly Hellenized empire dominated by an imperial dynasty. Following a brief survey of prior Roman history, the course will examine the development of the Roman state in the first century AD under the Julio-Claudian emperors. The course will proceed to consider the Empire’s evolution and management under subsequent Flavian and Antonine dynasties. The city, its monuments, its art, its literature, bureaucracy and territorial expansion, the role of women, various social and minority groups, and the growth of Christianity will all be discussed. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL250 History of Classical Greece

A survey of the development and expansion of Greek city states (known as “poleis”) from their emergence in the eighth century BC to Greece’s conquest by Philip II of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great. Particular attention will be paid to Athens and Sparta, the two great powers of this period. The class will examine Greece’s political institutions (How direct was direct democracy?), social relations (What were the lived realities of women, foreigners and slaves?) and intellectual history (especially the rise of rhetoric to better persuade mass audiences in a democracy). Readings will draw on ancient historians (Herodotus, Thucydides), political theorists (Plato, Aristotle), satirists (Aristophanes) and statesmen (Demosthenes, Lysias, Xenophon). (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL252 Age of Alexander the Great

An examination of the life of Alexander the Great and the ancient Mediterranean world in which he lived. Also considered are the impact he had on the historical development of that world after his death, the political use of his legacy from antiquity to the 21st century, and the fascination he continues to inspire. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL255 The Life of the Soul

Since the beginning of time, humans have been searching into the nature of the soul, its life and its meanings. Starting from the Greeks, this course seeks to discover how the concept of “soul” is understood, and how its life is conceived. We will explore the roots of these questions in ancient Greek epic, drama and philosophy, how these answers transform in medieval and renaissance literature, and how modernity offers strikingly new answers to them. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL260 Gender and Sexuality in the Ancient World

An introductory survey of issues relating to gender and sexuality in Greece and Rome. The focus will be on the role of women in ancient society and their characterization in literature. Though our sources are dominated by male perspectives, the class will attempt a balanced and accurate picture of ancient society. The course will also place these literary depictions in the broader context of art, political and societal structure, religious belief and family relations. Authors examined will include Hesiod, Homer, Aristophanes, Virgil, the female poets Sappho and Sulpicia, Ovid, and many more. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Wise

CL275 Ancient Sports and Entertainment

The course considers the role sport and entertainment played in ancient society. We begin by examining athletics in the Greek world, specifically the Olympics and other major games. We will discuss the different types of events and then consider the evolving role athletics played in Greek education and society. We will then transition to the Roman world, examining gladiatorial games, chariot racing, the theatre, and the Olympics in the Roman period. We will trace the development of the status of athletes from amateurs to the professionalization of sport, and pause to consider the place of musicians and actors in Greek and Roman society. Throughout the course students will become familiar with the architecture of related venues and investigate the role of spectators. Students will continually be challenged to relate ancient athletics to the sports of today. Sources will include Homer, Pindar, Virgil, Ovid, Martial and various inscriptions. (Not offered 2017-18).

1 unit

CL299 Independent Study

Supervised readings or investigations in areas of interest to the students that are not covered in regular Classics Department offerings. Readings and/or investigations to be followed up with discussions and written reports. Must be approved by the Chair on behalf of the Department, in addition to the supervising professor.

Prerequisite: consent of department.

1 unit

CL301 Advanced Reading in Greek:

Further exploration of ancient, medieval or modern Greek literature, done as independent reading.

Prerequisite: Classics 202 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Wise

CL302 Advanced Reading in Greek:

Further exploration of ancient, medieval or modern Greek literature, done as independent reading.

Prerequisite: Classics 202 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Buxton

CL303 Review of Greek with Emphasis on Rhetorical and Poetic Reading Skills

Prerequisite: Classics 301. .25 Unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 301.

.25 unit

CL304 Review of Greek with Emphasis on Rhetorical and Poetic Reading Skills

Prerequisite: Classics 301.

Prerequisite: Classics 301.

.25 unit

CL311 Advanced Reading in Latin:

Further exploration of ancient or medieval Latin literature.

Prerequisite: Classics 212 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Wise

CL312 Advanced Reading in Latin:

Further exploration of ancient or medieval Latin literature.

Prerequisite: Classics 212.

1 unit — Thakur

CL313 Review of Latin with Emphasis on Rhetorical and Poetic Reading Skills

Prerequisite: Classics 311. .25 unit.

Prerequisite: Classics 311.

.25 unit

CL314 Review of Latin with Emphasis on Rhetorical and Poetic Reading Skills

Prerequisite: Classics 311.

Prerequisite: Classics 311.

.25 unit

CL322 Advanced Topics:

Study for advanced students in the languages, arts, drama and literature.

.5 to 1.5 units

CL401 Directed Readings in Greek:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 301, 302.

1 unit — Wise

CL402 Directed Readings in Greek:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 301, 302.

1 unit — Buxton

CL411 Directed Readings in Latin:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 311, 312 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Wise

CL412 Directed Readings in Latin:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 311, 312.

1 unit — Thakur

CL431 Thesis

Thesis subjects chosen by student and approved by department. Senior Classics, Classics-History-Politics and Classics - English majors.

Prerequisite: Senior Majors Only.

1 unit — Buxton