Skip to main content area Skip to institutional navigation Skip to sub-navigation

How to Read a Citation

Citations will look slightly different depending on which style guide (MLAAPA, Chicago, etc.) you are using. However, the following examples will give you clues for interpreting citations.

Citation For a Book:

Lindstrom, Naomi. Jorge Luis Borges: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1997.

(The title of the book is in italics or underlined; the citation includes the place of publication, name of publisher, and single year for a date.)

Citation For a Journal Article:

Murray, Barbara A. “ ‘Transgressing Nature’s Law’: Representations of Women and the Adapted Version of The Tempest.” Literature & History 12:1 (April 2003) 19-41.

(The title of the article is in quotes; the title of the journal is in italics or underlined. The citation includes a volume and/or issue number, usually a month and year, and page numbers.)

Citation For an Article in a Book:

Crow, Thomas. “Southern boys go to Europe: Rauschenberg, Twombly, and Johns in the 1950s.” In Jasper Johns to Jeff Koons: Four Decades of Art from the Broad Collections, ed. Stephanie Barron and Lynn Zelevansky, 30-55. Los Angeles: Museum of Art, 2001.

(The title of the article is in quotes; the title of the book is in italics or underlined. The citation includes page numbers for the article and publication information for the book.)

Contact Us

Circulation: (719) 389-6184
or email circulation
Reference: (719) 389-6662
or email reference
Interlibrary Loan: (719) 389-6664
or email ILL

Chat With a Librarian


Our chat widget requires Javascript, which is disabled in your browser. Please see http://enable-javascript.com/ for instructions on re-enabling Javascript.