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Classics-History-Politics

Classics-History-Politics Website

Advisors — Professors CRAMER, FULLER, NEEL

The classics–history–politics major offers students interested in the Western intellectual tradition the opportunity for multidisciplinary study supported by training in languages central to that tradition. It culminates in a senior thesis requiring students each to address a major problem in the history of ideas in its historical context. The CHP major is highly flexible, allowing students to fulfill its requirements through varied options within the respective departments. Individuals’ programs, however, must be carefully chosen in consultation with CHP staff so that courses within the constituent disciplines form an integrated whole fully supportive of their eventual senior projects. 

Major Requirements

All students opting for this major will complete an array of courses establishing their familiarity with the major political, social, and intellectual developments of the Mediterranean and Europe from antiquity to the contemporary world. Further, all will explore the Western tradition’s ways of interpreting its past by attention to both classical and subsequent models. Students’ historical and historiographical coursework will be distributed among the three constituent departments. Meanwhile, they will develop skills in at least one classical and one modern language to the point that they are able to use each in independent reading and research. Declared CHP majors in all undergraduate years will participate in an informal seminar meeting once a block, in which they establish intellectual community with their peers and advisers in discussion of significant texts outside their course material.

Finally, all CHP majors will complete substantial projects of research and criticism integrative of their experience throughout this program; their respective theses will be enriched by consideration of the primary sources in which they are based in the original languages, where possible.

Students may choose as primary advisers for their respective thesis projects any faculty members in a constituent department; other members of the college faculty may be invited to consult on or advise theses by student petition and approval of the CHP staff. One of the major’s core advisers, however, will always serve as first or second reader of thesis work, and advisory faculty will annually approve and, as appropriate, grant honors for all theses in classics–history–politics. 

REQUIREMENTS — Entry (2 units):

Students may enter the major by fulfillment of the college’s “West in Time” requirement by courses in classics, political science, history, or the cognate disciplines of art history, philosophy, or religion.

Ancient and modern language (to level of proficiency as individually determined by CHP faculty).

Normally, language proficiency will be understood to be the ability to read and respond to literary, historical, and philosophical works in either classical Greek or Latin (or, if appropriate to students’ interests, Hebrew or Arabic) and a modern European language.

History of ideas (6 units):

Students’ historical requirement will regularly be fulfilled by the completion of at least one unit in each of four periods (antiquity, Middle Ages and Renaissance, modernity, and the contemporary world), including at least two units of political science. Because suitable political science courses frequently address multiple historical periods, students will consult with their advisers about the appropriateness of particular syllabi to the respective period requirements, sometimes fulfilling two historical requirements with paired, parallel political theory courses. Although students may petition to substitute courses omitted below — for instance topics courses of special interest — for elements among the core CHP offerings, the following list will optimally support their development through the program:

I. Antiquity: History 213/Classics 250 Greek Foundations/Athenian Democracy, Classics/History 216 Roman History I, Classics 226 Roman History II, Classics 222/Political Science 234 Freedom and Empire: The Drama of Ancient Politics.

II. Middle Ages and Renaissance: History 274 The Middle Ages: The Making of Europe, History 275 Renaissance and Reformation: Crisis and Dissent, History 312 Faith, Reason, and Medieval Society. 

III.  Modern Period: History 252 Origins of Modern Science, History 277 Early Modern Europe, History 278 Europe from 1789–1848, History 287 Enlightenment Culture, History 288 Intellectual History of Modern Europe, Political Science 205 Foundations of Political Economy, Political Science 246 Politics in Literature, Political Science 292 American Political Thought, Political Science 270 Liberty and Equality.

IV. Contemporary Period: History 280 20th-Century Europe, Political Science 203/Studies in Film 205: Topics—Politics in Film, Political Science 242 Conservatism and Liberalism, Political Science 372 Political Thought Since Nietzsche.

The following courses are or may be also appropriate to the major, and may be used to fulfill requirements in one or more of the respective chronological categories, depending on a given year’s syllabus, by permission of the respective instructors and the CHP advisers: History 200 Topics and 209 Topics in Ancient History, History 410 Advanced Seminar, Political Science 298 What Is Political Philosophy?, Political Science 344 Realism and Idealism in Political Philosophy, Political Science 408 Tutorial in Political Theory, Political Science 419 Seminar in Political Philosophy.

Theory of History (2 units):

Students may fulfill the historiographical requirement by completing both Classics 221/History 302 (Invention of History) and any of the following history or political science courses treating the tradition of historical analysis: History 399 Studying History, or Political Science 303 The Uses of the Past, offered as an independent study or summer readings course by Professor Fuller or Neel.

Major Seminar:

The seminar meets regularly throughout the academic year. It may offer presentations by CHP faculty and students or their guests, as well as common readings and discussions. Although the seminar offers no credit, regular participation will be considered part of the major’s requirements.

Senior Thesis (2 units):

Declared majors must submit well-developed thesis proposals to the CHP advisory group by the end of the junior year. Their two-block thesis requirement must be completed by Block 7 of the senior year, and may be designated on their transcript by the appropriate course number in the adviser’s discipline: Classics 322 or 401, 402, 411, 412 and 431; History 409 and 415; or Political Science 402 and 450.

Courses

Classics

CL101 Greek for Beginners

Introduction to the structure and vocabulary of classical Greek, with attention to those features that form the classical basis of Biblical koine and for the classical side of Greek diglossia from Hellenistic times through the 20th century. Short texts from Homer to Kazantzakis and Cavafy provide practice in literary, philosophical and rhetorical reading and initiation in major areas of Western thought. Attention to the history of the language and its relation to ancient, medieval and modern culture. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Dobson, Thakur

CL111 Latin for Beginners

Introduction to the structure of classical Latin; reading of short texts from Plautus to Milton and Newton to provide practice in literary and rhetorical reading and initiation in major areas of western thought. Attention to the history of the language and its relation to ancient, medieval and modern culture. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Buxton, Thakur

CL114 Goddesses, Heroes, Sages and Statesmen: An Introduction to Greece and Rome

An introduction to ancient Greek and Roman cultures through readings of original sources and some study of the original languages. How human beings conceived the order of nature and culture and the sacred and secular in these periods constitutes the common inheritance of Western culture and predisposes views of self and individual in contemporary Western thought. Emphasis on how these cultures understood the destructive and creative powers of chaos and what forms of order they thought best for human beings. Block 1 will include selections from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Hesiod's Theogony, the Presocratics, the ancient Greek dramatists Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes, the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, Aristotle's Poetics and Plato's Symposium and Phaedrus. Block 2 will include selections from the statesmen Cicero and Caesar, the historian Sallust and Livy, and lyric and epic poetry of Lucretius, Catullus, Vergil, Horace and Ovid. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: First Year Experience Course, Freshmen Only.

1 to 2 units

CL115 Introduction to Classical Literature and Archaeology:

Introduction to Ancient Greek and Roman cultures through reading of original sources and an examination of material culture. Part One: literature from various genres (such as epic, dramatic, lyric and philosophical); modern ways of receiving and interpreting them. Part Two: art, architecture and topography of ancient Greece and Rome. This course will consider the long-standing influence these civilizations played in the development of later Western cultures, and will examine modern outcomes and parallels to the historical forms and movements, such as Athenian democracy as a precedent for American democracy, colonization in antiquity and European colonialism in the c. 16-19, and the Roman Empire as a precedent for the expansive American State of late c. 19 to the present. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

Also listed as General Studies 101.

2 units — Dobson, Thakur

CL116 Greek History and Philosophy: Origins of Western Culture

Aegean and Greek archaeological, historical, literary and philosophical texts, with emphasis on ideas formative of Western culture. The development and transformations of these ideas as reflected in selected texts from the early Christian era, the Enlightenment, and the Modern Age. We concentrate on concepts of what it means to be human, and the relation of individuals to community, nature, and the divine in such authors as Homer, Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Dante, Descartes, Goethe, Nietzsche, and Heidegger (Also listed as History 116 and Philosophy 116.) (Not offered 2014-15).

2 units

CL121 Intensive Latin Grammar Review and Reading Practice

Intensive Latin Grammar Review and Reading Practice. This course will use a morphological and syntactic approach to review and practice the essential structures and concepts of Latin grammar. It is intended to prepare students for courses at the 200 level. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: two years of high school Latin or equivalent, or consent of department.

.5 to 1 unit

CL125 Ancient Multicultures

Survey of ancient history as an arena of cultural contact between different ethnic, religious and cultural communities. Emphasis on the Persian Empire as 'other' to Greeks and Jews, on Alexandria as a 'melting pot' or 'salad bowl,' and on the Greco-Roman society of later antiquity as locus of changing identities. Mixed and dialogical cultural forms such as History, New Comedy, Pastoral, Apocalypse, Romance, Acts, and Gospel. Reading selected from Herodotus, the Bible, Plautus, Theocritus, Polybius, Vergil, Caesar Augustus, Philo and Petronius. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

CL141 Sanskrit

Starting with exercises for students with little or no experience in Sanskrit, a sequence of courses in basic reading and pronunciation skills (emphasizing Sanskrit's unique euphonic system), increasingly complex grammatical forms and structures, strong focus on in-class oral recitation from memory, vocabulary building, grammar and translation, culminating in independent translations of selected primary source material. (Not offered 2014-15).

.5 unit

CL142 Sanskrit

Starting with exercises for students with little or no experience in Sanskrit, a sequence of courses in basic reading and pronunciation skills (emphasizing Sanskrit's unique euphonic system), increasingly complex grammatical forms and structures, strong focus on in-class oral recitation from memory, vocabulary building, grammar and translation, culminating in independent translations of selected primary source material. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: Classics 141.

.5 unit

CL143 Sanskrit

Starting with exercises for students with little or no experience in Sanskrit, a sequence of courses in basic reading and pronunciation skills (emphasizing Sanskrit's unique euphonic system), increasingly complex grammatical forms and structures, strong focus on in-class oral recitation from memory, vocabulary building, grammar and translation, culminating in independent translations of selected primary source material. (Not offered 2014-15).

.5 unit

CL144 Sanskrit

Starting with exercises for students with little or no experience in Sanskrit, a sequence of courses in basic reading and pronunciation skills (emphasizing Sanskrit's unique euphonic system), increasingly complex grammatical forms and structures, strong focus on in-class oral recitation from memory, vocabulary building, grammar and translation, culminating in independent translations of selected primary source material. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: Classics 143.

.5 unit

CL201 Reading in Greek:

Introduction to Greek literature, including Homer and dramatic, philosophical or historical writing.

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Cramer, Dobson

CL202 Reading in Greek:

Introduction to Greek literature, including Homer and dramatic, philosophical or historical writing. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: Classics 101 or consent of instructor.

.25 to 1 unit

CL209 Late Antiquity

Continuity and change from Roman antiquity to the Christian Middle Ages in the art and architecture of Mediterranean lands (200-600 A. D.). The 'decline' of Rome and the development of Christian imagery will be studied through art, archaeological sites, and texts-writings from the time as well as later historians. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: Art History 111, 112 or consent of instructor.

1 unit

CL210 Greek Philosophy

Major writers and schools from the thousand year history of Greek philosophical research in the areas of nature, the gods, the mind, and ways of life: Ionian and Italian Pre-Socratics, Plato and the Academy, Aristotle, Pyrrho, the Cynics, the Stoa, Epicurus and Lucretius, and the revival in Late Antiquity of Pyrronian Scepticism and Platonism. Emphasis on close reading of the texts (including certain Greek terms) and on critical and comparative writing.

Also listed as Philosophy 101.

1 unit — Daly, Furtak

CL211 Reading in Latin:

Various ancient and medieval Latin works.

Prerequisite: Classics 111 or 2 yrs HS Latin. or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Cramer, Thakur

CL212 Reading in Latin:

Various ancient and medieval Latin works. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: Classics 211: 111 or 2yrs HS Latin. Classics 311: 212. Classics 411: 311,312. All are 'or consent of instructor'.

.5 to 1 unit

CL216 Roman History I: The Ancient Roman Republic

Focus on the development of Rome, from a small city ruled by kings, to a regional power ruled under a Republic. The course will trace Rome's expansion through Italy, its conflict with Carthage and will closely examine the end of the Republic. Individuals discussed will include the Gracchi, generals Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, and Rome's greatest politician (and author) Cicero. (Also listed as History 216.)

Also listed as History 216.

1 unit — Thakur

CL218 Homer

The Iliad and Odyssey as oral traditional poems, preservers of Bronze Age and archaic lore, locus of the creation of classical Greek culture and predecessors of European epic; together with Hesiodic epic and Homeric hymns. Reading in English with attention to the formal Greek diction and the problems of translation, except that students who know Greek will read parts of the original text.

Also listed as Comparative Literature 300.

1 unit — Cramer

CL219 Greek Drama: Origins and Early Forms of Theater

A study of origins, early texts, performance practices and developing theatrical conventions in various cultures, with special emphasis on ancient Greek and Roman theatre.

Also listed as Comparative Literature 200 and Theatre 220.

1 unit

CL220 Myth & Meaning

Religion and myth of ancient Greece and Rome in relation to that of the ancient Mediterranean (Akkadian, Hittite, Sumerian, Egyptian). Female presence in art, literature and religion compared to treatment of women in their respective cultures. Theoretical approaches to the understanding of myth (Comparative, Jungian, Structuralist) in relation to myths as they are encoded in their specific cultures. Students may trace a myth through Medieval, Renaissance and modern transformations in art, music, poetry and film, or study myth in other cultures (e.g. Norse and Celtic). Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

Also listed as Comparative Literature 200 and Feminist & Gender Studies 220.

1 unit — Dobson

CL221 The Invention of History

Herodotus, sometimes called the 'father of lies,' and Thucydides, sometimes called the first political scientist, treated as the first historians. Study of the ways of conceiving history and its relation to the peoples and periods explored. No Greek or Latin required.

Also listed as History 302.

1 unit — Cramer

CL222 Topics:

Courses vary from year to year, to include offerings in classical and comparative religion and mythology, history, language and literature, anthropology, archaeology and women's studies supplementary to those offered in the catalog. No Greek or Latin required.

Also listed as Art History 200 and Comparative Literature 200 and Comparative Literature 220 and Feminist & Gender Studies 206 and Philosophy 203 and Political Science 234 and Religion 200.

1 unit — Dobson, Grace, Kolarik, Thakur

CL223 Art of Greece & Rome

Surveys the art and architecture of Greece and Rome from their origins in Bronze Age Greece to their transformation in the late Roman Empire using methods of art history and archaeology. Ancient Greek cities and sanctuaries with emphasis on Athens and the monuments of the Acropolis. The spread of Hellenism and the formation of an imperial visual language under Alexander the Great and his successors. The influence of Etruscan and Greek art in the Roman Republic. Imperial monuments of the city of Rome and throughout the empire as instruments of power. The class will consider political and social factors in the formation and utilization of Classical forms in both ancient and modern times. (Also listed as AH 207). (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

CL226 Roman History II: The Rise of the Ancient Roman Empire

Following a brief survey of prior Roman history, the course will examine the development of the Roman state in the late first century under the emperor Augustus. The course will proceed to consider the Empire's evolution and management under subsequent Julio-Claudian, Flavian, and Antonine dynasties. The city, its monuments, its art, its literature, bureaucracy and territorial expansion, the role of women, various social and minority groups, and the growth of Christianity will all be discussed. (Also listed as History 227.)

Also listed as History 227.

1 unit — Buxton

CL250 Athenian Democracy

Development of democratic institutions from Solon to Pericles, their operations in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE, the experiences of citizenship, legal equality, freedom, and love of country. Slavery, sexual inequality and imperialism as notable, perhaps essential features of the system. Reading from contemporary historians (Herodotus, Thucydides), theorists (Plato, Aristotle, the 'Old Oligarch'), dramatists (Aeschylus, Aristophanes), political orators (Lysias and Demosthenes) and later commentary from Plutarch to the present.

1 unit — Buxton

CL301 Advanced Reading in Greek:

Further exploration of ancient, medieval or modern Greek literature, done as independent reading.

Prerequisite: Classics 202 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Cramer, Dobson

CL302 Advanced Reading in Greek:

Further exploration of ancient, medieval or modern Greek literature, done as independent reading.

Prerequisite: Classics 202 or consent of instructor.

.5 to 1 unit

CL311 Advanced Reading in Latin:

Further exploration of ancient or medieval Latin literature.

Prerequisite: Classics 212 or consent of instructor.

1 unit — Cramer, Thakur

CL312 Advanced Reading in Latin:

Further exploration of ancient or medieval Latin literature.

Prerequisite: Classics 212.

.5 to 1 unit

CL322 Advanced Topics:

Study for advanced students in the languages, arts, drama and literature.

.5 to 1.5 units

CL401 Directed Readings in Greek:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 301, 302.

1 unit — Cramer, Dobson

CL402 Directed Readings in Greek:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 301, 302.

.5 to 1 unit

CL411 Directed Readings in Latin:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 311, 312 or consent of instructor.

.5 unit — Cramer, Thakur

CL412 Directed Readings in Latin:

Independent study of various authors and special topics.

Prerequisite: 311, 312.

.5 to 1 unit

CL431 Thesis

Thesis subjects chosen by student and approved by department. Senior Classics, Classics-History-Politics and Classics - English majors.

Prerequisite: Senior Majors Only.

1 unit — Cramer, Thakur

History

HY104 Culture, Society & History

An introductory survey of human culture and society through the comparison of Europe and one other major area of the world from ancient to the modern period, focusing on fundamental topics in the development of world civilizations, including material culture, political organization, and aesthetics. The course will emphasize critical moments in historical development, thematic connections, and primary textual and visual sources. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 to 2 units

HY105 Civilization in the West

Western civilization from ancient to modern times. Cultural, social, and political developments that shaped the modern world. The department offers this course in sections designated Europe or Atlantic World. Atlantic World includes the study of the heritage of Western civilization in the Western hemisphere. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Neel, Ragan

HY109 Civilization in East Asia

East Asian civilization from ancient to modern times. Cultural, social and political developments that shaped East Asian nations and their place in the modern world. Introduces basics of historical method: contextualization, analysis, and critical evaluation of primary sources and their significance. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

2 units — Williams

HY110 Historical Studies: (with Emphasis on Writing)

An introduction to history through the study of a special subject in depth. Emphasis on the ways in which historians find and interpret the materials of the past. For students who do not complete the West in Time requirement in the History Department, a gateway to the History major. Topics designated according to the specialties of the faculty.

Prerequisite: 1st or 2nd year standing or consent of instructor.

Also listed as Race and Ethnic Studies 200 and Asian Studies 110.

1 unit — Hyde, Mehta, Murphy

HY116 Greek History and Philosophy

Aegean and Greek archeological, historical, literary, and philosophical texts, with emphasis on those ideas formative in shaping Western culture. The development and transformations of these ideas as reflected in selected texts from the early Christian era, the Enlightenment or the Modern Age. The rise of individualism and its conflicts with community, ritual relationships to nature vs. separation and exploitation, the relation of theology to the ordering of experience, and how psyche both forms and is formed by its relationships to community, nature, and god(s). Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 to 2 units

HY120 The American Past

Two block course that introduces the full sweep of American History from its pre-contact, 'New World' beginnings to the recent past. Students will experience how history is made, understood, revised, and debated. Themes include cultural encounters and adaptation complexities of ethnicity and immigration; movement; the success and failures of republican ideology, capitalism, individualism and community; and the formation of American cultures. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Flewelling

HY131 Civilization in the Middle East

Examines large-scale social structures and the question of 'ordinary' men and women from the seventh century C.E. to the present. Through a range of historical approaches-cultural, intellectual, political and social-and an emphasis on close reading of primary materials, students explore in what ways the histories of Islamic Civilization, Western Civilization, African Civilization, and Central Asian Civilization were connected histories and how people in the Middle East have critiqued their own societies and those of their contemporaries. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 to 2 units

HY200 Topics in History:

Selected topics in the study of history. Specific content and emphasis to be determined by the instructor.

Also listed as Comparative Literature 200 and Feminist & Gender Studies 206 and Music 227 and Asian Studies 250 and Southwest Studies 200.

1 unit — Blasenheim, Flewelling, Grace, Mehta

HY205 US History to 1860

Broad approach to the history of American traditions and institutions from Anglo-American settlement to the outbreak of the Civil War, addressing Native American-Anglo American encounters; colonization and development of Anglo-American culture and society; African Slave Trade and the Plantation Economy; American Revolution; Jeffersonian Ideology and Westward Expansion; Jacksonian Democracy and the Industrial Revolution; the Politics of Slavery and Secession. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Rommel-RuizRommel-Ruiz

HY206 US History since 1860

Broad approach to the history of the United States since the Civil War, focusing on multiple meanings of American freedom and the rise of the modern United States as a global power, including attention to Emancipation and Reconstruction; Industrialization, Migration, and Immigration; Civil Rights Movements and Protest Politics; the Great Depression, New Deal and WWII; American Foreign Policy and the Cold War; the Great Society, Vietnam, and the Challenge to the New Deal Order. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

Also listed as Race and Ethnic Studies 200.

1 unit — Hyde

HY209 Topics in Ancient History:

Detailed study of a period (such as the end of the Roman Republic or Periclean Athens) or a theme (such as slavery or the rise and fall of the middle class) in Greek and/or Roman history. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY210 History of Native America

Introduces students to the history of native peoples primarily in North America. The course includes histories of individual native groups as well as the relationship between American Indians and a variety of Europeans from before contact until the present. Examines a variety of primary and secondary materials to see patterns in the ways that Native Americans have been affected by the process of conquest, the ways in which Anglo-Europeans have responded to Native Americans, and in the ways in which American Indians have become a part of and remained apart from 'mainstream' American culture. As a broader goal, we also look at the way 'history' is made, understood, and used by very different cultural traditions. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY211 Crime & Punishment

This course explores the ways the state, church, and the people dealt with crime and viewed justice in Renaissance, early modern, and modern Europe. Attention to topics such as heresy, the witch craze, and treason and to what ordinary and great trials reveal about changing attitudes toward criminal justice. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY212 American Environmental History

A survey of American history from the perspective of the environment, beginning with the biological and cultural invasion of the New World in 1492 and ending with current environmental problems and their historical roots. Topics include Native American vs. Euro-American views of nature, the impact of changing economic systems on the environment, and the impact of the landscape on various American cultures. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY213 Foundations of Classical Culture

Athenian Democracy. The Greeks with Near Eastern and Indo-European background. Panhellenic epic and religion, the polis, philosophy, history, tragedy and comedy. Attention throughout to Greek and Latin literary forms, but no knowledge of ancient languages required.

Prerequisite: Completion of CP:W required.

1 unit — Buxton

HY216 Roman History I: The Ancient Roman Republic

Focus on the development of Rome, from a small city ruled by kings, to a regional power ruled under a Republic. The course will trace Rome's expansion through Italy, its conflict with Carthage and will closely examine the end of the Republic. Individuals discussed will include the Gracchi, generals Marius, Sulla, Pompey, Caesar, and Rome's greatest politician (and author) Cicero. (Also listed as Classics 216.)

Prerequisite: Completion of AP:A required.

Also listed as Classics 216.

1 unit — Thakur

HY217 American Frontiers

The process of conquering the American continent from 1492 to the present. An examination of the variety of forms that Euro-American conquest took (exploration, religion, economic development, settlement, and military encounter), the impact of conquest on native peoples, the social and economic development of the frontiers, and the lives that people led and lead in places considered frontiers.

Also listed as Southwest Studies 217.

1 unit — Hyde

HY218 Eastern Europe, Russia, and Eurasia

This two-block course will survey the history of the Eurasian region from Eastern Europe to the Central Asian and Pacific areas of Eurasia, with an important theme being the rise and fall of the Russian Empire, and the rise and fall of the Soviet bloc. The focus throughout will be on the ways in which religious, cultural, and ethnic identities were shaped by, accommodated to, and resisted the construction of national boundaries and identities. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 to 2 units

HY219 Modern Russia and the Soviet Union

The Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Soviet successor states in the 20 thcentury. Topics including the collapse of the Empire during the First World War, the attempted ‘building of socialism’ in the Soviet period, the crisis of the Soviet system, and how Soviet conceptions of the relation between ethnicity and nationality shaped political and cultural identities before and after 1991.

Prerequisite: 1/2 week at Baca & 4 weeks in Brazil. Program Fee: $3,500.

1 unit — Showalter

HY221 Africa & Europe to 1919

Traditional African states, Portugal and Africa, the slave trade, European conquest, occupation and administration. The African response to the European presence in terms of social change, the origins of a 'Europeanized' African elite and the beginnings of modern African politics. - Blasenheim,. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY222 The Emergence of Modern Africa, 1885 to the Present

Africa and the Berlin Conference, primary and secondary resistance to European colonialism, political independence, conflicts between traditional and modern cultural patterns and ideologies, one-party rule and economic dependence. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY223 China in the Age of Confucius

Examines the origins of Chinese civilization, from the divination rituals of the theocratic Bronze Age Shang Dynasty to the mighty Han. Considers the great religious and philosophical traditions of China's axial age: Confucianism, Daoism, and others vying for influence in China's bloody 'Warring States' period. Students will understand the political, economic, cultural and spiritual patterns that gave shape to classical Chinese civilization. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 to 2 units

HY225 20th Century China

This course will follow the turbulent history and politics of China from the Boxer Rebellion of 1900 through the post-Mao reforms. Using primary documents, personal accounts, and scholarly studies, students will assess China's political and cultural changes and continuities in historical context. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY226 20th Century Japan

This course will trace the social, political, and cultural developments in Japan from the first Parliamentary elections in 1890 to the current fiscal crisis in the 1990s. Using a wide range of sources, students will explore major themes in Japan's empire, World War, economic miracle, and troubled role as Asian leader. Major themes will include cross-cultural contact, world systems, and women's history. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY227 Roman History II: The Rise of the Ancient Roman Empire

Following a brief survey of prior Roman history, the course will examine the development of the Roman state in the late first century under the emperor Augustus. The course will proceed to consider the Empire's evolution and management under subsequent Julio-Claudian, Flavian, and Antonine dynasties. The city, its monuments, its art, its literature, bureaucracy and territorial expansion, the role of women, various social and minority groups, and the growth of Christianity will all be discussed. (Also listed as Classics 226.)

Also listed as Classics 226.

1 unit

HY228 The American Colonies, 1492-1763

The English colonies in America, their founding and development within the British Empire. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

2 units

HY229 The American Revolution and the Constitution, 1763-1789

The movement for independence and the corollary movement to restructure politics internally, from the end of the Seven Years’ War through the Revolution and Confederation to the adoption of the U. S. Constitution. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY230 The Early Republic, 1789-1848

Initial development of the United States under the Constitution through the Virginia dynasty and Jacksonian democracy. Party formation; conflicts in political economy; diplomacy; expansion; social and cultural growth. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

2 units

HY231 Civil War and Reconstruction, 1845-1877

The causes, strategies, and impact of the Civil War on the United Sates. Slavery, sectional controversy, political crises; civilian and military life during the war; the successes and failures of Reconstruction; the problems of race. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 to 3 units

HY232 The Emergence of Modern America 1919-1942

Cultural expression, and race relations in the aftermath of WWI; changing sexual and racial relations and the anti-modernist response in the 1920s; the Harlem Renaissance; the causes and consequences of the Great Depression and FDR and the New Deal; the coming of WWII. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY233 Recent U.S. History, 1943-1973

Domestic politics and political realignments from Truman to Nixon; McCarthyism and the beginnings of the Cold War; covert action and direct intervention in U.S. foreign policy; Civil Rights; Black Power; feminism; and controversies regarding the American family. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Monroy

HY234 Contemporary U.S. History

American foreign policy from the “Vietnam Syndrome” to the end of the Cold War to the invasion of Iraq; Americans and the Islamic world; transformations of the Republican and Democratic Parties and the Office of the President; negotiating race in the post-Civil Rights era; the “New World Order” and the new immigration; religion, families, and gender and their roles in partisan politics. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY236 Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay since Independence

Political independence in the 1810s in La Plata and Chile. The impact of immigration, urbanization, modernization, populism, nationalism, militarism and redemocratization. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY237 History of Brazil, 1500-present

American foreign policy from the “Vietnam Syndrome” to the end of the Cold War to the invasion of Iraq; Americans and the Islamic world; transformations of the Republican and Democratic Parties and the Office of the President; negotiating race in the post-Civil Rights era; the “New World Order” and the new immigration; religion, families, and gender and their roles in partisan politics. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY238 Colonial Hispano-America

Spanish conquest and administration in New Spain and Peru, the Catholic Church, internal and external colonial economies, the Bourbon reforms and political independence in the 1820s; class, caste and gender during the colonial period. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY239 History of Mexico

The Aztec and other Indian peoples’ influence in Mexican history and thought; Spanish colonial legacy; Enlightenment, Liberal, and Conservative political philosophies; Mexico’s relationship to the United States; roles of the Church and of violence from European encounter through Revolution (1910-1921) and into Mexico’s current precarious social and political situation. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement.

Also listed as Race and Ethnic Studies 239 and Southwest Studies 200.

1 unit — Monroy

HY240 Foundations of American Constitutionalism and Diplomacy to 1865

(Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: Meets AP:A if takem immediately before Political Science 101.

1 unit

HY241 The Emergence of Modern America, 1919-1942

Political liberty, cultural expression, and race relations in the aftermath of WWI; changing sexual and racial relations and the anti-modernist response in the 1920s; the Harlem Renaissance; the causes and consequences of the Great Depression and FDR and the New Deal; the coming of World War II. (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: No prerequisite for History majors.

1 unit

HY243 Slavery and Antislavery Movements to 1860

African cultural backgrounds, African slavery in colonial British America and the U. S. to 1860; free Black people from 1790 to 1860 and antislavery movements. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY244 Black People in the US since the Civil War

S. since the Civil War. Black Reconstruction; Black urban settlement; literary and artistic movements in the 1920s; civil rights struggles; recent social and political expressions. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY248 History of Korea

A thematic survey of Korean history from the earliest times to the present covering social, cultural and political developments from the Three Kingdoms period through the Silla unification, Koryo and Choson dynasties to the modern era. Special emphasis on the twentieth century. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

Also listed as Asian Studies 250.

1 unit — Williams

HY249 Women, Children & Men: Families in Historical Perspective

This course treats gender roles and family life throughout the European past, with comparative attention to families of other historical cultures and to relationships within non-human primate communities. It emphasizes the historical agency of women and children generally elided from traditional master narratives of Western Civilization, demonstrating how feminist and ethnohistorical approaches can reveal their experience. Course materials will include historiographical and anthropological literature as well as primary documents, literary works and visual sources. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY252 Magic, Science, and Religion in the Mediterranean

How have science and religion come to be seen as such different enterprises? What role has the charge of 'magic' played in setting boundaries between communities as they sought to understand both the workings of the natural world and spiritual revelation? This course examines the intertwined histories of what we now call magic, science, and religion, through Babylonian, Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, and Latin sources, from the ancient through the early modern periods. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY255 Nature & Society

The course examines the interaction between Europeans and the natural world from the Renaissance to the present. It looks at how nature shaped the ways Europeans lived and worked and how, in turn, they thought about and behaved toward nature. In particular, it explores the impact of the Scientific Revolution, industrialization, and mass culture on the changing interplay between nature, society, and culture.

Also listed as Environmental Science 255.

1 unit — Ashley

HY256 Education in the West

Educational institutions and their relationship to society from the Renaissance to the present. The rise of mass education and its impact on the structure and purpose of the educational system. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY261 Formation of Islamic Societies

Development of an Islamic world through formation of key institutions of Islamic urban life, the changing relationships of tribal and agrarian societies to urban society, and the differentiation of public and private space. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Murphy

HY262 The Modern Middle East: Freedom and Authorities

Analysis of the variety of lived experiences and questions of freedom and authority in everyday life in the Middle East. Attention to the impact of modernity on gender roles and social order in the Middle East. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

Also listed as Feminist & Gender Studies 206.

1 unit — Murphy

HY267 The Southwest under Spain and Mexico

The pre-contact history of Anasazi and Athabascan peoples from anthropological and mythological perspectives; the causes and consequences of the Spanish entrada and attempts at missionization of the Indian peoples of New Mexico and the California coast; development of mestizo society; the arrival of the Anglo-Americans and the Mexican-American War. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement.

Also listed as Race and Ethnic Studies 267 and Southwest Studies 267.

1 unit — Monroy

HY268 The Southwest since the Mexican War

The adaptation of Native American and Hispanic peoples to Anglo-American culture and politics; the causes and consequences of the loss of Hispanic lands; the evolution of family life and religious practices; indigenous views of modernity. Films, artistic expression, and works of fiction as well as historical sources. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY269 The Old South: Settlement, Slavery, Secession

Explores key themes in Southern history from colonial settlement through the American Civil War. Examines the distinctiveness of the American South, and how Southern life was shaped by slavery, particularly in the ways the plantation economy informed Southern political culture, gender and race relations. Other important issues include: Anglo-American encounters with Native Americans, the Great Awakening, the American Revolution, Jeffersonian republicanism, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, and the rise of Southern nationalism. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY270 The New South: Modernity,

1 unit — Rommel-RuizRommel-Ruiz

HY274 The Middle Ages: The Making of Europe

The transition from Mediterranean-centered ancient to European-centered medieval civilization. Major cultural developments within the Christian West through the 13th century.

1 unit — Neel

HY275 The Renaissance and the Reformation: Crisis and Dissent

Scientific, religious and artistic achievements of the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY277 Europe in an Age of Absolutism

The birth of the modern state and the creation of modern society. From the end of the sixteenth-century Reformation and the religious wars through the crisis of the seventeenth century, as well as the making of the constitutional order in England and the absolutist state in France. Political, social, and cultural perspectives. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY278 Europe in the Age of Revolution: 1789-1870

Causes and the social and political effects of the French Revolution, the Revolutions of 1848, and the Industrial Revolution. Particular attention to the process of revolutionary change and to political movements including liberalism, Marxism, and nationalism. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY283 The Jews in the Modern Europe

The Jews of Poland, Western Europe, and the Islamic world during the 17th century. The Impact of Enlightenment and Assimilation. Hassidism and reform. Anti-Semitism, Zionism, and the American experience. World War I and its consequences: the changing Middle Eastern framework, Communism, Nazism. Israel, and its neighbors, and the world. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY286 War and Society since the Middle Ages

The experience of war in Western contexts compared to other major military cultures. Administrative, technical, and ideological contexts of war's evolution as the ultimate test of the cohesion of societies and the viability of nations. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Showalter

HY287 Enlightenment Culture

The course analyzes the origins of 'modernity' in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Beginning with the Scientific Revolution, it then looks at the social and political environment that made the 'Republic of Letters' possible. A wide variety of primary-source texts, including social and political criticism, novels and poetry, painting and sculpture, will be examined.

1 unit — Ragan

HY288 European Intellectual History

Changes in European thought from the early modern to the modern periods examined through the works of representative writers, philosophers, political theorists, scientists and artists (including Locke, Galileo, Hegel, Marx, Darwin, Nietzsche, Freud, Sartre, Foucault, and others). The relationships between these changes and social developments. Meets the Critical Perspectives: The West in Time requirement.

2 units — Ashley

HY289 The Age of Ideology, 1870-1939

The “revolt against reason.” The effects of World War I and the Great Depression on society and politics. Analysis of the appeal of Bolshevism and Fascism. Particular attention to Mussolini and Hitler’s successful challenge to liberal governments and to the Spanish Civil War. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY290 World War II and Its Aftermath in Europe, 1939-2000

World War II and Its Aftermath in Europe, 1939-2000. The outbreak, course, and the effects of the War, including the advent of Communism in eastern Europe, European integration, and the “economic miracle” in western Europe. The emergence of consumer society, the spread of popular culture, and the development of mass education. Attention to the challenges of decolonization and immigration Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

1 unit — Showalter

HY302 The Invention of History

Herodotus, sometimes called the 'father of lies,' and Thucydides, sometimes called the first political scientist, treated as the first historians. Study of the ways of conceiving history and its relation to the peoples and periods explored. No Greek or Latin required.

Also listed as Classics 221.

1 unit — Cramer

HY303 The Uses of the Past: Studies in Philosophy and History

Critical issues in the philosophy of history and historical methodology as seen from the standpoint of the historian and the philosopher. (Offered by individual arrangement.) (Not offered 2014-15).

.5 to 1 unit

HY304 Advanced Topics in History:

Selected topics in the history of one or more world regions. Thematic concentration determined by the instructor.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

Also listed as Asian Studies 350 and Political Science 317.

1 unit — Hendrickson, Williams

HY307 History of Sex: Traditions

Analysis of sexual roles and sexual practices in the world before the concept of ‘sexual identity’ emerged in the late nineteenth century. Examination of how different religious traditions such as Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Christianity, and Buddhism have viewed sex, and exploration of a wide variety of topics including pornography, prostitution, and same-sex sexual beavior throughout the pre-modern world. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures requirement. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY308 History of Sex: Modernity

After examination of the birth of ‘sexuality’ in late nineteenth-century Europe, exploration of the acceptance of and resistance to this new conceptual model throughout the world. Attention to heterosexuality and homosexuality, intersexuality, and ‘perversion,’ concluding with analysis of the contemporary cultural wars over sexuality in Africa, Asia, Europe, and South America. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Social Inequality requirement.

Also listed as Feminist & Gender Studies 308.

1 unit — Ragan

HY312 Faith, Reason and Medieval Society

Intellectual history in its cultural context from Augustine to Thomas Kempis. Philosophical, theological and historiographical texts. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY315 Film and History

Examines the representation of history in film. It compares a series of films to major themes and issues in the historiographical literature and raises questions about the ways films should adhere to the academic standards of the historical discipline. Students will read significant debates among cinematic and academic historians and explore the possibilities and limitations of cinematic presentations of history.

1 unit — Rommel-RuizRommel-Ruiz

HY316 History & Literature

An examination of the relationships, both similarities and differences, of history and literature. Using selected theoretical texts from Aristotle to the present, traditional narrative historical texts, experimental histories, fictions based on imagined thoughts and actions of historical figures, and comparisons of historical/biographical texts and historical novels, the course explores the different and/or similar purposes and functions of historical writing and literary writing, and the truth claims of each as forms of narrative and knowledge. In addition, we will read history literally and literature historically in order to interrogate the uses and limitations of both forms of writing. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY330 Colloquium in History and Politics

A junior seminar organized around comparative analysis of a common theme or topic, employing both historical and political science approaches to analysis and research. Designed principally for History/Political Science majors, but others may be admitted with consent of instructors.

Prerequisite: HY/PS Major or consent of instructor.

Also listed as Political Science 330.

1 unit — Lee, Murphy

HY344 Modern France and Italy: Fascism, War and Resistance

An examination of the effect of total war, extremism, and economic crisis on politics and society, with special attention to fascism, the resistance, post World War II revival, and to cultural movements such as the avantgarde, futurism, and existentialism. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY362 The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1845-1877

The causes, strategies, and impact of the Civil War on the United States. Slavery; sectional controversy; political crises; civilian and military life during the war; the successes and failures of Reconstruction; the problems of race. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY384 Cultural and Social History of China

Chinese ways of life and thought and the interaction of local social patterns with government and elite ideals. Focuses on the last great dynasty, the Qing. With Emphasis on Writing. Meets the Critical Perspectives: Diverse Cultures and Critiques requirement. May meet either the Critical Perspectives: Global Cultures or Social Inequality requirement. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY393 Germany, 1914-1945: The Crisis Years

Formation of the new nation that Hitler said in 1933 the world would not recognize. Germany’s catalysis of European and world transformations, as well as its institution of dictatorship and genocide at home. Political, economic, social/cultural, intellectual, and military aspects of German experience. (Not offered 2014-15).

1 unit

HY399 Junior Seminar: Studying History

An examination of traditional and new methods of studying the past and an exploration of the debate over the nature and the meaning of history. Designed primarily for history majors, but others may be admitted with the consent of the department.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & Junior standing.

1 unit — Ashley, Rommel-RuizRommel-Ruiz

HY406 Research Workshop

Students learn how to develop a research topic, advanced library and primary document research, and historical research design and organization. Students meet regularly to discuss their work in progress. Usually, a central text is also discussed throughout the semester. (Semester-long extended format course.) (Not offered 2014-15).

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & Declared Major.

.5 unit

HY409 Directed Readings in History:

Prerequisite: consent of instructor & 3 units of History.

1 unit — Blasenheim

HY410 Senior Seminar

An advanced seminar on selected topics and themes in historical study.

Prerequisite: History 399, consent of instructor and senior standing.

1 unit — Mehta, Monroy

HY420 Senior Essay

Independent, primary source research. Particular content and emphasis of the paper to be determined in consultation with supervising professor. To be taken in the block immediately following HY 410.

Prerequisite: History 399 and 410 consent of instructor, senior standing.

1 unit — Mehta, Monroy

HY424 History-Political Science Thesis

An interdisciplinary, primary source-based thesis on a subject of interest to the student. Independent study format with regular consultation between the student and the faculty supervisors.

Prerequisite: Consent of both departments.

2 units — Flewelling

HY425 History-Philosophy Thesis

An interdisciplinary, primary-source based thesis on a subject of interest to the student and approved by two faculty supervisors, one in Philosophy and one in History. Independent study format with regular consultation between the student and the faculty supervisors.

Prerequisite: Consent of both faculty supervisors and registration in Philosophy 425 in the same academic year. Both courses must be completed at some point during blocks 1-6 or the senior year.

1 unit

HY430 Senior Thesis

Prerequisite: 399, 410, consent of instructor, senior standing.

1 unit

HY431 Senior Thesis

Directed reading and preparation of a thesis.

Prerequisite: 399, consent of instructor, senior standing.

1 unit

Political Science